It has a population of 20.1 million people. Due to the large area of Sarawak, it has the lowest population density in Malaysia, which stands at 22 person per square kilometre. ?Before the beginning of the twentieth century the population of Sarawak was scanty and vast tracts of the interior were simply uninhabited forest, much as it is today. (page 64), Faisal, 2012. As the political scene changed, it grew progressively more difficult for the communists to operate. Welfare, Community Wellbeing, Women, Family and Childhood Development Minister Datuk Seri Fatimah Abdullah revealed that the research would be conducted by a team from Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak. In 2017, male population for Sarawak was 1,443.3 thousands. Other plants includes 1,000 species of orchids, 757 species of ferns, and 260 species of palm. (Source:Yearbook of Statistics,2005 ) After ten weeks of fighting there, the Allied forces surrendered on 1 April 1942. The city is a major gateway for travelers to other parts of Borneo and is also noted as a major food destination. Raj of Sarawak 1841–1941; 1945–1946 The state government appoints a headman (known as ketua kampung or penghulu) for each village. The government, tending to oversimplify the situation in Sarawak and Sabah, officially recognizes only some of the dozens of ethnolinguistic groups in those two states. [298], The indigenous tribes of Sarawak traditionally used oratory to pass on their culture from one generation to the next;[299][note 11] examples of these traditional practices include the Iban's Ngajat dances,[300] Renong (Iban vocal repertory),[301] Ensera (Iban oral narratives),[275][note 12] and epic storytelling by the Kayan and Kenyah. The per capita GDP in Sarawak was lower than the national average from 1970 to 1990. [50] After the surrender of Japan, the Japanese surrendered to the Australian forces at Labuan on 10 September 1945. [170], As of 2017, Sarawak is producing 850,000 barrel of oil equivalent every day in 60 oil and gas producing fields. A series of Chinese ceramics dated from the 8th to 13th century AD was uncovered at the archaeological site of Santubong. [163], Sources vary as to Sarawak's remaining forest cover: former chief minister Abdul Taib Mahmud declared that it fell from 70% to 48% between 2011 and 2012, the Sarawak Forest Department and the Ministry of Resource Planning and Environment both held that it remained at 80% in 2012,[164][165] and Wetlands International reported that it fell by 10% between 2005 and 2010, 3.5 times faster than the rest of Asia combined. [170] From 2006 to 2013, the oil and gas industry accounted for 34.8% of the Sarawak government's revenue. Search and explore the world’s largest statistical database to find data. [261] There are more than 50 tribes still existing or extinct in Sarawak but only the major tribes are listed in the Malaysian Federal Constitution. [115], Sarawak is divided into three ecoregions. KUALA LUMPUR, Sept 16 — Sarawak’s doctor-to-population ratio improved to 1:682 in 2019, but the distribution of medical practitioners in the rural state is 1.5 times smaller than Malaysia’s nationwide 1:454 ratio. [244], Sarawak is home to three public universities – Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Universiti Teknologi Mara at Kota Samarahan, and Universiti Putra Malaysia – as well as the private Curtin University, Malaysia and Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus. However, this case has served as a precedent, leading to more NCR being upheld by the high court in the following years. The climate is stable throughout the year except for the two monsoons, with average daily temperature varying between 23 °C (73 °F) in the morning to 32 °C (90 °F) in the afternoon at coastal areas. [58] In 1950 all anti-cession movements in Sarawak ceased after a clamp-down by the colonial government. [30][note 5] These parties later joined the national coalition of the Alliance Party. The major trees found in estuary forests include bako and nibong, while those in the peat swamp forests include ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), meranti (Shorea), and medang jongkong (Dactylocladus stenostachys). In 1978, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) was the first West Malaysia-based party to open its branches in Sarawak. Northern Sarawak (consisting of Miri and Limbang Divisions), a linguistically, ethnically, and religiously diverse area the size of Belgium, holds nearly one-fifth of Sarawak's 2.4 million population (2010 population, 451,132). [322][323] Sarawak hosted the Malaysian SUKMA Games in 1990 and 2016,[324] and was overall champion in the 1990, 1992, and 1994 SUKMA games. Even though they are of different races and belief, they are able to live in peace and harmony. [134] The state is the habitat of endangered animals, including the borneo pygmy elephant, proboscis monkey, orangutans and Sumatran rhinoceroses. [48] Allied forces later carried out Operation Semut to sabotage Japanese operations in Sarawak. [54][55], Lacking the resources to rebuild Sarawak after the war, Charles Vyner Brooke decided to cede Sarawak as British Crown Colony and a Cession Bill was put forth in the Council Negri (now Sarawak State Legislative Assembly), which was debated for three days. The generally-accepted explanation of the state's name is that it is derived from the Sarawak Malay word serawak, which means antimony. “The research will be a continuation of a prior one on the … In 1939 it stood at just below 500,000 and by 1947 it was only 546,385. [112] A number of rivers flow through Sarawak, with the Sarawak River being the main river flowing through Kuching. [49] During the battle of North Borneo, the Australian forces landed at Lutong-Miri area on 20 June 1945 and had penetrated as far as Marudi and Limbang before halting their operations in Sarawak. [222] Besides government-owned hospitals and clinics, there are several private hospitals in Sarawak[223] such as the Normah Medical Specialists Centre, Timberland Medical Specialists Centre,[224] and Sibu Specialist Medical Centre. Pattern and Trends of the Iban, Chinese and Malay Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 . [100] The regiment, renowned for its jungle tracking skills, served in the campaign to end the intertribal wars in Sarawak. CONTENTS Page A. A 2006 government program to have integrated hospitals led to numerous universities starting programs to teach traditional medicine and major hospitals, including Sarawak General Hospital, providing traditional therapies. Despite being the most thinly populated, Bintulu Division has the fourth biggest town in Sarawak, which is Bintulu town. [240] As well as government schools, there are four international schools: Tunku Putra School, a primary and secondary school offering national and Cambridge curricula, Lodge International School, which is also open to local students and uses both the British National and Cambridge systems, Kidurong International School, which is owned by Shell and offers primary education mainly to children of employees but local children may enter depending on space availability, and Tenby International School, which opened in 2014 and is open to both local and expatriate children. The Bureau ceased to exist in 1977 when it was taken over by the federal body Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Historically the Melanau practised Animism, a belief that spirits inhabited objects in their environment, and while this is still practised today, most Melanau have since been converted to Christianity and Islam. In Sarawak, the Dayaks as a whole can be subdivided into numerous group. [236], Around the time of Federation, overall literacy in Sarawak was quite low. [275] In 1974, the new Chief Minister Abdul Rahman Ya'kub recognised Malay alongside English as an official language of Sarawak. [17] However, the latter explanation is incorrect: the territory had been named Sarawak before the arrival of James Brooke, and the word awak was not in the vocabulary of Sarawak Malay before the formation of Malaysia. A year later, he formulated the "Sarawak Law" which foreshadowed the formulation of his (and Darwin's) theory of evolution by natural selection three years later. It attracted RM 9.6 billion (US$2.88 billion) in foreign investments, with 90% going to the Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE), the second largest economic corridor in Malaysia. [81] This party would later become the backbone of the Sarawak BN coalition. [239] Among these are a number of schools that date from the Brooke era, including St. Thomas's School Kuching (1848), St Mary's School Kuching (1848), and St Joseph's School Kuching (1882). In the same year, the North Kalimantan Communist Party (NKCP) which subsequently waged a guerrilla war against the newly elected Sarawak state government, was formed. [78] The first political party, the Sarawak United Peoples' Party (SUPP), was established in 1959, followed by the Parti Negara Sarawak (PANAS) in 1960 and the Sarawak National Party (SNAP) in 1961. Most of the population now lives in larger towns and cities, but there are still a significant number living in the traditional long houses in remote areas. The Bidayuh language, with six major dialects, is spoken by 10 per cent of the population. Two are satellite campuses of Curtin University in Perth and Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne Australia. 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