Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Microbiota In Health And Disease PPT. - The gut microbiota may also influence the development of conditions characterized by low-level inflammation, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes, through systemic exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharide derived from the intestinal microbiota. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. of neurodevelopmental, psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases, such as autism spectrum disorder, depression and Alzheimer’s disease. 1. While healthy gut microbiota is essential to promote host health and well-being, overgrowth of the bacterial population results in a variety of detrimental conditions, and different strategies are employed by the host to prevent this outcome. Technological advances are highlighted, including a variety of scientific methods of assessing the composition of the intestinal microbiome and strengths and weaknesses of each method. PREFACE Hippocrates has been quoted as saying “death sits in the bowels” and “bad digestion is the root of all evil” in J. Microbiol. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. ... TRANSLOCATION • Too much growth of bacteria in the small intestine • Reduced immunity of the host • Increased gut lining permeability in diseases like cirrhosis 18. Gut microbiota plays an important role in host health maintenance and disease pathogenesis. and analysis of gut microbiota will further our knowledge of their role in health and disease, allowing customization of existing and future therapeutic and prophylactic modalities. beneficial immune modulatory effects in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We highlight examples of microbiota-targeted interventions aiming to optimize metabolic health, and we provide perspectives for future basic and translational investigations within the nascent … 50. About 14 results (1.73 seconds) Sponsored Links Displaying microbiota in health and disease PowerPoint Presentations. The gut microbiota in health and intestinal disease. Slogan Gut microbes- Importance in health and disease 3. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Abstract. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. But, dysbiosis is a state of deviation in composition or function from the usual gut microbiota. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In a previous study, the anti-inflammatory effects of probiotics in patients with IBD revealed that probiotics could have desirable effects resulting in clinical benefits [6]. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The microbiota has been identified as an important factor in health and in a variety of diseases. Bangladesh Gastroenterology Society creating awareness nation-wide. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Gut microbiota is the community of live microorganisms residing in the digestive tract. In this Review, we discuss the current knowledge on how gut microbiota and derived microbial compounds may link to metabolism of the healthy host or to the pathogenesis of common metabolic diseases. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. I. Biomedical presentation describing updates in link between gut microbiota and human body in health and disease. Gut Microbiota and Cardiovascular Diseases Tang WH, Hazen SL. aswarsy@ksu.edu.sa. [Gut microbiota in health and disease]. Gut Microbiota Composition Correlates with Diet and Health in Elderly • Major trends in microbiota that separated healthy community subjects from less healthy long‐stay subjects were increased fragility and poorer health, having adjusted for gender, age and location. Keywords: Human gut microbiota, intestinal disease, probiotics. By Grigg et al. The human microbiota, especially the gut microbiota, has even been considered to be an “essential organ” , carrying approximately 150 times more genes than are found in the entire human genome . Dr. Jimma Hossain MBBS, MD (Gastro) Assistant Professor Department of Gastroenterology Rangpur Medical College & Hospital 4. Gut microbiota is vast and complex. Biotechnol. Conversely, the gut immune system regulates the composition and function of the microbiota. Well balanced host-microbial symbiotic state is a harmonious ecosystem in the stable individual. 2. Ana M Valdes and colleagues discuss strategies for modulating the gut microbiota through diet and probiotics Microbiome refers to the collective genomes of the micro-organisms in a particular environment, and microbiota is the community of micro-organisms themselves (box 1). Recent renewed interest in the structure and function of this "organ" has illuminated its central position in … 1. The readers will get profound knowledge on the connection between intestinal microbiota and immune defense systems. Gut bacteria produce enzymes that assist in the breakdown and absorption of foods. More than 100 trillion symbiotic microorganisms live on and within human beings and play an important role in human health and disease. The microbiota is intimately involved in numerous aspects of normal host physiology, from nutritional status to behavior and stress response. Both animals and humans were test subjects in this study. [Article in Spanish] Icaza-Chávez ME(1). See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The gut microbiome discusses the role of the intestinal microbiota in human health and disease both in broad context of immunomodulation and in specific influence of inflammatory processes. Arjumand Warsy Gut Microbiota in The gut microbiota changes with age, but it is not clear to what degree these changes are due to physiologic changes, age-associated inflammation or immunosenescence, diet, medications, or chronic health conditions. 2014 Oct;124(10):4204-11. doi: 10.1172/JCI72331. J Clin Invest. Gut microbiota are associated with a variety of complex polygenic diseases. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Gut Microbiota And Intestinal Disease PPT Presentation Summary : The gut microbiota is an important component in the promotion or prevention of many chronic diseases. Member of AGA, Member of EASL Epub 2014 Oct 1. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Agus et al. GUT MICROBIOTA The Human Bacteria 2. Mechanisms of microbiota-driven disease modulation Health and review recent advances concerning the central role of tryptophan metabolism in microbiota-host crosstalk in health and disease. The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health. Inflammatory Diseases Dysbiosis of gut microbiota, aberrant function of the intestinal epithelial barrier and innate and acquired immune system predispose to the development of IBDs 36. This review examines the direct effect of the gut microbiota in producing tryptophan-derived bioactive molecules and its indirect control of host tryptophan metabolism. Gut Microbiota And Intestinal Disease PPT. As a part of this project, Dr. Kashyap's research team is exploring the mechanisms via which the gut microbiota and its metabolites influence intestinal secretion and motility. You can change your ad preferences anytime. According to a recent publication on this topic, exercise independently affect gut microbial community without any dietary modifications. Professor of Internal Medicine 1 nur aica, i sing nure. Microbes influence thyroid hormone levels by regulating iodine uptake, degradation, and enterohepatic cycling. Dr Monkez M Yousif An altered microbiota composition increases the prevalence of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and Graves’ disease (GD). In this review, we discuss the role of CNS-resident and peripheral immune pathways in microbiota–gut–brain communication during health and neurological disease. The gastrointestinal microbiota play a role in host physiology, metabolism and nutrition. An alteration in the gut microbial community is linked to a number of intestinal conditions, including cancer, obesity and a variety of bowel disorders. Gut Flora 1. Moreover, disease location was a major determinant of the gut microbiota: the gut microbiota of patients with colonic Crohn's disease (CD) is different from that of patients with ileal CD, with a decrease in alpha diversity associated to ileal disease (p=3.28×10−13). - Gut microbiota (and diet- induced changes in microbiota composition) may contribute to low- grade inflammation - Chronic low-grade inflammation … Under healthy conditions, the gut microbiota exists in a state of “normobiosis” in which microorganisms with beneficial effects on health predominate over harmful species. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Significant interest in recent years has focused on gut microbiota-host interaction because accumulating evidence has revealed that intestinal microbiota play an important role in human health and disease, including cardiovascular diseases. Electronic address: maruicaza@gmail.com. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Zagazig University PRESENTED BY 1.Marzeea Ahmad Raka ID# 1320703046 2.Nusrat Alam ID#1321238046 3.Shabnaz Shabab Swarna ID#1320022046 4.Suraiya Ahmed ID# 1320916046 5.Sabrina Arafin ID# 1320538046 6.Ramisha Rifat Tony ID# 1320332646 2 3. Gut flora and health 1. The dysbiosis of gut microbiota contributes to respiratory diseases (a), while a healthy gut microbiota plays a protective role in the lung (b). This situation is crucial for normal gut homeostasis and optimal development of the host. They found that exercise enhances the formation of short-chain fatty acids SCFAs. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Control of the gut microbiota. : The contributory role of gut microbiota in cardiovascular disease. WORLD DIGESTIVE HEALTH DAY 29th May. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Autism Friendly Village , Hyderabad for Children and Adults with Autism, Occult hcv infection the updated knowledge, Platelet and coagulation post graduate lecture, Myeloproliferative neoplasms for students, Revision of treatment protocols for hcv genotype 4 infection 2016, No public clipboards found for this slide. The tools of choice to study the ecology of these highly-specialized microorganism communities such as high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic mining will be presented. The Gut Microbiome Laboratory at Mayo Clinic is studying the impact of microbial colonization on host physiology. IMPORTANCE OF MICROBIAL DIVERSITY IN GUT HEALTH AND DISEASE 1 2. Chronic kidney disease affects 9% of the global population and can have severe impacts on both the individual and societal levels.Although various conditions, such as diabetes, are well known risk factors for chronic kidney disease, in recent years interest has been growing regarding a potential role for the gut microbiota in modulating outcomes in kidney disease (). a eserved. Gut microbiota is an assortment of microorganisms inhabiting the length and width of the mammalian gastrointestinal tract. 3. The Journal of Immunology, 2017, 198: 564–571 Microbe Host Homeostasis Chronic inflammation 37. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Human nutrition, gut microbiome and immune system, Gut microbiota for health: lessons of a metagenomic scan (by Joel Doré), Vall d'Hebron Institute of Research (VHIR), Diet, Microbiota and Metabolic Health by Renée Wilson, No public clipboards found for this slide. The composition of this microbial community is host specific, evolving throughout an individual's lifetime and susceptible to both exogenous and endogenous modifications. Recent renewed interest in the structure and function of this “organ” has illuminated its central position in health and disease. Many metabolites are involved in host-microbiota interactions. The usage of broad-spectrum antibiotics by patients affected by such diseases is an important environmental factor to consider, because antibiotics, which are widely prescribed to curb pathological bacterial infections, also indiscriminately eliminate gut commensal microbiota. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Gut Microbiota and Cardiovascular Diseases 49. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Disease Member of ISC-Hepatitis Working Group. Author information: (1)Titular de Gastroenterología, Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, Hospital Star Médica de Mérida, Mérida, Yucatán, México. Main benefits of a normal gut flora include regulating energy production and use, protecting against pathogens, modulating the host’s immune response, and preserving the integrity of intestinal cells (3). Co-relation of our Gut microbiota and our Health. It could be changed dynamically according to the variable factors. 1336 Kim et al. The development of a stable and diverse gut microbiota is essential to various host physiologic functions such as immunoregulation, pathogen prevention, energy harvest, and metabolism. Metagenomic sequencing increased our understanding of the role of the microbiome in health and disease, yet it only provides a snapshot of a highly dynamic ecosystem. Gut Microbiota in Health . 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