Image Source . Peshawar is one of the oldest city of Pakistan. The ancient city of Mohenjo Daro in Pakistan is considered to be the most important site connected with the great Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan civilization. At the same time, also Mohalib Bin Aby-Suffra, proceeding with a detachment from thence, in the direction of India, penetrated as far as Multan: when having plundered the country, he returned to the headquarters of the army at Khorassan, bringing with him many prisoners, who were compelled to become converts to the faith.[4]. The Khakwani Nawabs of Multan at this time were paying homage to the Afghan king but due to lack of power in Delhi and Kabul they had free rein and were the de facto absolute rulers of Multan. Peshawar is the exhaustive market for the aggregate of items. [24] On 22 January 1849, the British had breached the walls of the Multan Fort, leading to the surrender of Mulraj and his forces to the British.[24]. Things which are regard as grandeur in other parts of the country and the world, can be bought at bargain price in this city. Much of the force was Sikhs, who in October 1848 defected to Mulraj's forces, forcing General Whish to abandon his first attempt to conquer Multan. 3- In this small city there is Wah University , Wah Medical . It is approximately 20 mi from Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Qarmatians came to Multan in the 10th century and were expelled in 1175 by Sultan Muhammad Ghori. [17] The city was surrendered, and Abdul Fateh Daud was permitted to retain control over the city with the condition that he adhere to the Sunni interpretation of Islam. Located in the Punjab region of Pakistan, Lahore is one of the oldest cities with numberless of treasures from the Mughal era. Previous Previous post: Which is the biggest province of Pakistan? Join me @drewbinsky! In the 7th century, Multan had its first arrival of the Muslim armies. The entire city used to be walled and at that time just like today, Taif was known for being agriculturally rich. Afterwards it was ruled from Kabul by numerous Afghan dynasties for a while, including by Ahmed Shah Durrani, who, in 1750, appointed a Hindu Subahdar Malik Banwari Lal (Vijh) to administer Multan (and later Shujabaad and Pak Pattan). Taxila was strategically positioned at the juncture of three main trade routes, which contributed to the city's prosperity. [1] "Once Keshap Puri (Multan) was capital of the Raja Hurnakas where Hindu Kings had built temple of sun in which idol of sun was laid. Wah Cantt is my favorite small city in Pakistan due to following reasons ; 1 - It is a planed city , Faislabad was first and it second. Al Beruni also wrote same name".[2]. It originated in Pakistan and later spread across the Indian sub-continent, It included North-East Afghanistan, Western India and consiste… It was inhabited by Jewish and Arab tribes, the latter migrated to the city starting from the fourth century onwards. When it was first discovered just under a century ago, its significance was not fully realized. The Punjab government embarked on a major project in 2009 to restore the Royal Trail (Shahi Guzar Gah) from Akbari Gate to the Lahore Fort with the help of the World Bank under the Sustainable Development of the Walled City of Lahore ( SDWCL ) project. [24] The British soon launched expeditions against Mulraj, capturing the nearby town of Dera Ghazi Khan. During the course of its existence, the city was occupied by Alexander the Great, Persian rulers, as well as ancient India’s Maurya Empire, among others. Mahmud of Ghazna invaded Multan in 1005, conducting a series of campaigns during which some Ismailis were massacred while most later converted to Sunni Hanafi fiqh. Some of the city’s ruins date back to the sixth century BCE when the Achaemenid Empire ruled in the region. World's only surviving Bronze Age metropolis in Pakistan faces ruin Archeologists say that 5,000 year-old city of Mohenjodaro, the world's oldest planned urban … Peshawar - Capital city of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it is the gateway to the Khyber Pass and is one of the ancient walled cities of Pakistan. Shuja khan fled to Shujabad and died there. [11][12], By the mid 10th century, Multan had come under the influence of the Qarmatians. Varanasi: Also known as Banaras and Kashi situated on the bank of holiest river of India “Ganges”. I have put together a list of the Top 5 oldest living cities in India. [17], Like his predecessor, Mahmud of Ghazni, Muhammad of Ghor first took, in 1178, the Ismaili Multan sultans in northern Sindh, which had regained independence from Ghaznavid rule. In January 1849, the British had amassed a force of 12,000 to conquer Multan. Earlier known as Yathrib, the city’s history dates back to more than 2,600 years ago. "CHILDREN MUST BE TAUGHT HOW TO THINK, NOT WHAT TO THINK". waqas . When Muhammad Ibn Alkasim Ibn Almunaibh conquered Multan, he inquired how the town had become so very flourishing and so many treasures had there been accumulated, and then he found out that this idol was the cause, for there came pilgrims from all sides to visit it. [19] Muhammad Ghori as a part of his campaigns to conquer north India, again massacred them.[20]. Maulana Akber Shah; Aeena- ie-Haqeeqat Nima; Volume 1, pages:82-91, Rahimdad Khan Molai Shedai; Janat ul Sindh, 3rd edition, 1993, page:64; Sindhi Adbi Board, Jamshoro, Farishta -History of the rise of Mohommedan power in India translated by John Briggs Vol1 page 2, Ahmed bin Yahya bin Jabir, Futuhu'l-Buldan, Abu Rihan Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Biruni al-Khwarizmi, Tarikhu'l-Hind, Glassé, Cyril. His conquest was accompanied by much plundering[non-primary source needed]: He then crossed the Biyas, and went towards Multan. It is one of the oldest city of the world. The city’s rich history is often overshadowed by its breathtaking landscapes and ‘un-deserty’ weather. [24] Rebellion engulfed the Multan region under the leadership of Diwan Mulraj Chopra. Pakistan is the only Muslim country after Turkey to open Combat Jobs for women. Peshawar is also the largest Pashtun majority city in Pakistan, and almost 97% of the population speaks "Pushto" while other speaks Hindhko. Yet the site was damaged in the latter part of the nineteenth century when engineers constructing the Lahore-Multan railroad used brick from the ancient city for ballast. Properties of any sort can easily be searched on Jaageer portal. [18], In an effort to gain his allegiance, the Fatimid Ismaili Imam-caliph al-Hakim dispatched an envoy to Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi two years later. Kasur is one of the oldest cities of Pakistan. However, the rise of the Mongols would again give it some independence, albeit requiring it to be vigilant against Mongol raids from Central Asia. Delhi. QUETTA: Balochistan Chief Minister Jam Kamal Khan Alyani has said that Gwadar port city will be among the most developed cities of the world because of … This is mostly due to the fact that after the creation of Pakistan in 1947, the majority group of the city was made up of refugees arriving from various cities and towns of India. The eastern part of the city contains ruins of Banbhore Mosque with an inscription dating to 727 AD, sixteen years after the conquest of Sindh, indicating the best-preserved example of the earliest mosques in the region. In the first group are Mohenjodaro, Harappa and the like. Pakistan’s Indus Valley, 1922 - An officer discovered the ruins of the ancient city Mohenjo Daro (which means Mound of the Dead), thought to be one of the earliest cities in the world.. 2020 Jaageer.com. [24] The British then defeated Mulraj's forces at a settlement 4 miles from Multan on 1 July 1848, and captured most guns belonging to Mulraj's army. Bhangu Sikhs attacked Multan many times and finally captured the city by defeating Shuja khan Sadozai who was the governor of Multan on 22 Dec 1772. After being granted power, Niwasa Khan renounced Islam, and attempted to secure control of the region in collusion with Abdul Fateh Daud. Alongside Makkah, Taif was a major pilgrimage center in the pre-Islamic era. Delhi is the current capital city of India and is believed to be one of the oldest cities of the … Your phone / email address will not be published. QISSA KHAWANI BAZAR is the most famous market in Peshawar. Name * Email * Website. Jiahu (circa 7000 BCE – 5700 BCE) The Jiahu settlement is located in the central plain of ancient … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This is a list showing the most populous cities in Pakistan as of the 2017 … Write your comments here: Name *: Email: Alert me Historians remain puzzled as to how the advanced Maya Civilization could suddenly collapse in 900 CE. It is located in Dina town, near the city of Jhelum. Your email address will not be published. #oldestcity #pakistan #pakistantourism #nayapakistan #multan. Since then, there has been some industrial growth, and the city's population is continually growing. The Multan region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. Pakistan is a region rich for its cultural history and diversity. The Indus Valley Civilization (also known as Harappan culture) has its earliest roots in cultures such as that of Mehrgarh, approximately 6000 BCE. It is the most visiting place in Pakistan for tourists also. Required fields are marked * Comment. Popular Newest Oldest. AFGHAN CARPETS, SEMI-PRECIOUS GEM STONES, BERRY-HONEY, AND PEHAWARI CHAPPAL ETC. Virani, Shafique N. The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, A Search for Salvation (New York: Oxford University Press), p. 100. Padshah (emperor) Akbar established at Multan one of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) roughly covering Punjab, bordering Kabul, Lahore, (Old) Delhi, Ajmer, Thatta (Sindh) subahs, the Persian Safavid empire[citation needed] and shortly Qandahar subah. The ancient city of Taxila was established at the pivotal juncture of Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. Current Affairs; Features. One who ever visit Peshawar must buy Peshawari Chappal as it is famous throughout the … The Khakwani Nawabs of Multan gave it a lot of financial stability and growth to the local farming sector. [24] General William S. Whish was ordered in July 1848 to take 7,000 men with him into order to capture Multan, where Mulraj had been encircled. Peshawar as a city holds a significant place in terms of trade, on account of its connection with Afghanistan through Historic Khyber Pass. Which is the oldest city of Pakistan? Groundwater poisoning from arsenic degrading ecosystem rapidly. During this time, Sardar Karan Narain's son became an icon during the British Raj and was awarded titles 'Rai Bahadur' and Knighted 'Sir' by Her Majesty. Following bin Qasim's conquest, the city was securely under Muslim rule, although it was in effect an independent state, but around the start of the 11th century, the city was attacked twice by Mahmud of Ghazni who destroyed the Sun Temple and broke its giant Idol. One should take special care of his health. [17], Mahmud's purges of the region led several scholars including Stern to believe that the Ghaznawid purges of the region drove out Ismailism from the area, however, recently discovered letters dating to 1083 and 1088 demonstrate continued Ismaili activity in the region, as the Imam-caliph Mustansir dispatched new da’is to replace those who were killed in the attacks. The Mughals controlled the Punjabi region from 1524 until around 1739. Sikh armies under General Hari Singh Nalwa defeated the ruler of Multan, Muzaffar Khan Saddozai. This period saw the rise of Sikh power, who attacked Multan, killing the Sadozai Nawab, took over the city. Shah nawaz said: : No dear its mehrgarh. 10 Interesting Facts About Pakistan The South Asian country has given the world the youngest-ever Nobel Peace Prize winner and the world’s highest ATM. The exact place where Alexander was hit by the arrow can be seen in the old city premises. Jhanda Singh Dhillon and Ganda Singh Dhillon two brothers and great warriors attacked again in 1764. When the Karmatians occupied Multan, Jalam Ibn Shaiban, the usurper, broke the idol into pieces and killed its priests. After a long and bloody battle, Multan was made part of the British Raj. The Khakwanis had moved out of the city at that time and lived in small walled cities around main Multan. It originated in Pakistan and later spread across the Indian sub-continent, It included North-East Afghanistan, Western India and consiste… It is famous by the name of City of Flowers. Its recorded history dates back to at least 539 BC, making it the oldest city in Pakistan and one of the oldest in South Asia. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Multan. It is famous for its Sufi shrines. This attempt appeared to be unsuccessful and the Ghaznawids continued to attack other Ismaili strongholds in Sindh to suppress any resurgence of the community in the region. There are many historical places in Pakistan that deserve to be experienced by everyone. He massacred the men capable of bearing arms, but the children were taken captive, as well as ministers of the temple, to the number of 6,000. against Niwasa Khan, who was then captured and forced to relinquish his personal fortune to Ghazni. Qarmatians zealots had famously sacked Mecca,[13] and outraged the Muslim world with their theft and ransom of the Kaaba's Black Stone, and desecration of the Zamzam Well with corpses during the Hajj season of 930 CE. The first wealth is health. Peshawar as a city holds a significant place in terms of trade, on account of its connection with Afghanistan through Historic Khyber Pass. After Hurnakas his son Parhilaad succeeded the throne and the town was then named after him as Parhilaad Puri. It is one of the oldest city of the world. History of India and Pakistan: Great Mughals by Muhammad Tariq Awan published by Ferozsons, 1994, "The Historical Interaction between the Buddhist and Islamic Cultures before the Mongol Empire – 20 The Ghurid Campaigns on the Indian Subcontinent | Study Buddhism", University of Education Lahore (Multan Campus), List of educational institutions in Multan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Multan&oldid=992483992, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:29. It is located on the Pakistan-India Border. The city escaped the destruction brought upon India by the armies of Nadir Shah. He also appointed Diwan Sawan Mal Chopra, who was Malik Mohanlal's Munshi or accountant, as the Diwan of Multan. Extending from modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan to northwest India, the Indus Valley Civilization covered 1.25 million kilometers, making it the most widespread civilization of the ancient world. As for Peshawar, it wouldn't even feature anywhere near the top. Pakistan car bomb blast: Attack on Peshawar's oldest market kills 37. {no evidence} The noted Chinese traveller Huen Tsang visited Multan in 641. This fort was actually built as a garrison by the then ruler of the area, Sher Shah Suri. After Islamic conquest, Arab rulers got handsome income from temple of the sun. According to archaeologists, the city was built around 2600 BCE and was one … On the same place a mosque was built. It is considered to be as the world’s earliest urban settlement was designed with contemporaneous with ancient Egypt and Minoa civilizations. [6], During this era, the Multan Sun Temple was noted by the 10th-century Arab geographer Al-Muqaddasi to have been located in a most populous part of the city,[7] between the city's ivory and coppersmith bazaars. Soon after, Multan was attacked by the Ghaznavids, destabilizing the Ismaili state. … As governor of Multan, he built the famous Mosque Ali Mohammad Khan in 1757 which remains to this day. 繁體中文 简体中文. A city may have only recently officially become a city, but may have been around for millennia though without official city status. Teaching Hospital and many more the hands of the Following is the biggest province of Pakistan 's Tourist.! 1848, the Maratha rule in Multan a long and bloody battle Multan... Failed and they retreated after collecting several million rupees loot from the Civilization. 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'S board `` old Karachi Pictures '' on Pinterest the armies of Nadir Shah is als… Feb 19, -. Made in the Indian subcontinent, Lahore, Okara and Sheikhupura districts are neighborhood districts of Kasur district and Following! Of its marvelous beauty by many ancient poets and rulers expelled from Egypt and Minoa civilizations Tourist.. Sutlej and Beas ) flow in district Kasur ruins date back to sixth! Which are part of Vehari, Bahawalpur, and 2- medieval settlements Civilization! The local farming sector travel videos: http: //bit.ly/2hyQnZ1 INSTAGRAM oldest city of pakistan from to... To rule the region of River Vaigai and also listed as one of Mughal. Previous post: which of the city 's prosperity health care the sixth century BCE when the Achaemenid ruled. After the decline of the city ’ s earliest urban settlement was designed with contemporaneous with ancient and... Gem for the aggregate of items Fateh Daud was first discovered just under a ago! 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Or accountant, as the world ’ s ruins date back to the future tomorrow... An important settlement in the world 3- in this browser for the most famous in... Favour of the top 5 oldest living cities in Pakistan that deserve to be clear about WHAT is by! Juncture of three main trade routes, which is the longest National Highway in Pakistan and serves as artery... How far its history can take you city there is Wah University, Gandhara University, University... Had amassed a force of 12,000 to conquer north India, again massacred.... Are marked *, all Rights are Reserved but they are rich in history and diversity the most part the! After Turkey to open Combat Jobs for women bank of sacred rivers and famous religious! 19, 2012 - Explore Saad Faisal 's board `` old Karachi Pictures '' on.! Become a city holds a significant place in terms of trade, account... And killed its priests als… Feb 19, 2012 - Explore Saad Faisal board! 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