THE IMMORTALS of the Ancient Greek pantheon can be divided into roughly eight classes. Roman Name: Ops Offspring: Athene, Apollon, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hermes, Dionysos, Herakles, others see pg 2 (below) A pantheon directed by a thunderbolt wielding autocrat might suggest a patriarchy and the valuing of warrior skills. Iconography: Serpent-entwined staff Spouse: Hephaistos, perhaps later Ares Roman Name: Horae Spouse: Perhaps Aphrodite A pantheon is the particular set of all gods of any individual polytheistic religion, mythology, or tradition. Roman Name: Latona Goddess of: Witchcraft, Ghosts Parents: Titan Kronos & Titanis Rhea Goddesses of: Punishment, Retribution Alternatively, click on one of the columns in either the type 1 or type 2 sections to automatically add the one you selected to the map. Images: Vase paintings pg 1 (below) Dictionary ! Images: Vase paintings & mosaics pg 2; statue see pg 16-17 (below) Modern Spellings: Spellings of the name in modern languages : En = English; Fr = French; Es = Spanish; It = Italian Roman Name: Juno Images: Vase paintings pg 1 (below) The narratives influenced the arts of later centuries so that such stories as the abduction of Persephone and those from Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey remained popular in the 21st century. Iconography: Grain Sheaf, Lotus Staff, Torch, Cornucopia Offspring: Triton, others see pg 2 (below) The Celtic pantheon is known from a variety of sources such as written Celtic mythology, ancient places of worship, statues, engravings, cult objects, and place or personal names. Spouse: Kronos This only works if you don't already have a column selected in the main field however. Animals: Poisonous serpent, Screech owl For example: Francis Ford Coppola has been described as a member of "that revered pantheon of independent movie directors, which broke the standard Hollywood studio mould as the 1960s expired". Modern Spellings: Hades (En, Es), Hadès (Fr), Ade (It) Greek mythology, oral and literary traditions of the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes and the nature of the cosmos. For hundreds of other minor gods and spirits see the A-Z Guide. [13], Collection of gods of a particular religion or mythos, Extension of the concept into structures and celebrities. Offspring: Phaethon, others see pg 3 (below) Offspring: Asklepios, others see pg 2 (below) Images: Mosaics & frescoes pg 1; statues pg 6 (below) Roman Name: Liber, Bacchus Iconography: Trident, Fish Parents: Titan Kronos & Titanis Rhea Plants: Oak, Celery The Forgers, by the Highmaul ogres. Spouse: None Animals: Screech owl E.g. Images: Vase paintings pg 1 (below) Iconography: Raised hands Goddess of: Childbirth, Pregnancy & Labour Goddesses of: Fate, Destiny Images: Location of images of the deity on the Theoi site Offspring: Ares, Hephaistos, Eileithyia, Hebe, others see pg 2 (below) Domitian, in 80 A.D., rebuilt it after a fire; thirty years later it was hit by lightening and caught fire again. God of: Medicine, Healing Herakles, Asklepios, etc. Iconography: Eros (winged godling), Apple, Dove Spouse: Amphitrite The Greek Pantheon was ruled by a council of twelve great gods known as the Olympians, namely Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athene, Hephaistos, Ares, Aphrodite, Apollon, Artemis, Hermes, Dionysos, and sometimes Hestia. Theoi Pages: 1 - 2. They were semi-divine creatures, closely related to the gods.E.g.GIGANTES (Giants), DRAKONES (Dragons), Kentauroi (Centaurs), Kerberos (Cerberus), Sphinx, Sirens, etc. As such, those prior materials are covered in the setting-specific lists of deities. [8] The best known of such structures is the Pantheon of Rome, first built by Marcus Agrippa as part of a complex created by him on his own property in the Campus Martius in 29–19 BC. Theoi Pages: 1 - 2, Modern Spellings: Pan (En, Fr, Es, It) The Pantheon have been called by different names by various groups and races, including: 1. Theoi Pages 12 Labours: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 Themis, Kronos, Prometheus, etc. THEOI OURANIOI (Sky Gods). Roman Name: Lucina These twelve gods demanded worship from all their subjects. THEOI NOMIOI (Pastoral Earth Gods). Plants: Perhaps Manna Ash Iconography: Greek helmet, Aigis (Goat-skin breastplate), Spear The Hall of the Keepers, Hall of the Crafters, Hall of the Watchers, and Hall of Shapersmay be referring to titan or keepe… Theoi Pages: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 (other pages still under construction), Modern Spell. Parents: God Zeus & Titanis Dione; or Born of the Sea-Foam Sleep (Hypnos), Love (Eros), Joy (Euphrosyne), Hate (Eris), Fear (Phobos), Death (Thanatos), Old Age (Geras), etc. A pantheon of gods is a common element of polytheistic societies, and the nature of a society's pantheon can be considered a reflection of that society: A pantheon is an overview of a given culture's gods and goddesses and reflects not only the society's values but also its sense of itself. Animals: The god's sacred animals (beasts, birds and/or fish) Iconography: Thyrsos (pine-cone tipped staff), Grapes, Ivy wreath, Leopard Celtic deities can fall under two categories; general deities and local deities. Iconography: Pan-pipes, Goat legs, Horns The other Gods and Spirits of the Pantheon fell within the sphere of one or more of the twelve great Olympians. (Source: Solitary Witch by Silver RavenWolf) Keep in mind: This is in no way a complete list. Parents: God Zeus & Princess Semele Goddess of: Queen of Heaven, the Sky, Women, Marriage, Impregnation Animals: Dove THEOI TITANES (Titan Gods). E.g. APOTHEOTHENAI (Deified Mortals). E.g. Theoi Pages: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13, Modern Spellings: Apollo (En, It), Apollon (Fr), Apolo (Es) Before 3rd Edition, there was no Core Setting, so the distinctions above are not as clear-cut. Names: Kleio, Euterpe, Thaleia, Melpomene, Terpsikhore, Erato, Polyhymnia, Ourania, Kalliope Spouse: Psykhe God of: Defender against Evil Animals: - THEOI HALIOI (Sea Gods). Plants: Fruit trees Modern Spellings: Hecate (En), Hécate (Fr, Es), Ecate (It) THE FIFTH were the 12 OLYMPIAN GODS who governed the universe and commanded the legions of lesser gods and spirits. Images: Vase paintings & mosaics pg 1; statues pgs 4-8 (below) Parents: God Zeus & Titanis Eurynome Animals: Screech owl E.g. Images: Vase paintings see pg 1; statues pgs 2-5 (below) The linked to pages contain quotes from a wide range of classical literature, as well as images of the deity in classical art. Iconography: Kerykeion (Herald's Rod), Traveller's Cap, Winged Boots Iconography: Bow & arrows, Hunting spears, Lyre, Deer The building was later renovated for use as a Christian church in 609 under Pope Boniface IV. [citation needed] Deities first worshipped as the patrons of cities or places came to be collected together as empires extended over larger territories. There were many divinities in the Greek pantheon who fell into more than one of these categories. Spouse: Ouranos It was reb… Pantheon of Gods and Goddesses compiled by Doctor of Theology Candidate Susan Griffin, Jan 2007Back to Members Works Table of Contents Celtic Gods and Goddesses Abarta The Irish/Celtic Performer of feats. Offspring: None (Virgin Goddess) Edmund Thomas, "From the pantheon of the gods to the Pantheon of Rome", in Matthew Craske, ed.. Matthew Craske and Richard Wrigley, "Introduction", in Matthew Craske, ed., https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pantheon_(religion)&oldid=982663632, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. : a temple that is built to honor all … Plants: Herbs (healing) Spouse: None (Virgin Goddess) Animals: - Spouse: Zeus Theoi Project Copyright © 2000 - 2011, Aaron Atsma. Goddesses of: Music, Song, Dancing, the Arts Animals: Weasel (Ichneumon) [2], Some well-known historical polytheistic pantheons include the Sumerian gods and the Egyptian gods, and the classical-attested pantheon which includes the ancient Greek religion and Roman religion. Theoi Pages: 1, Modern Spellings: Eros (En, Fr, Es, It) Roman Name: Proserpina Click on the thumbs to view the full size image. A pantheon is a set of all the gods of a particular polytheistic (Multi-god) religion or mythology (ex: Greek, Roman). 3. It can also be a temple dedicated to many deities, the most famous of which is the Pantheon of Rome, built in the year 27 BC. THEOI POLIKOI (City Gods). Iconography: Turret crown, Lions Theoi Pages: Links to pages on this site containing more detailed descriptions of the god, his/her mythology, and cult. Plants: - Spouse: None (Virgin Goddess) Goddess of: Queen of the Underworld, the Afterlife, Spring Growth, Grain Roman Name: Apollo Spouse: None (consort of Zeus) Roman Name: Neptunus (Neptune) Spouse: None Roman Name: Parcae Parents: God Zeus and Titanis Leto Plants: Trees, shrubs, flowers and herbs held sacred to the god Images: Vase paintings & mosaics pgs 1 & 3; statues pg 4 (below) Levana, goddess of the rite through which fathers accepted newborn babies as their own. Iconography: Helmet, Spear God of: King of Heaven, Sky, Weather, Fate, Kingship E.g. Persefone (It) Animals: - Iconography: Dancing circle Offspring: None (Virgin Goddess) Parents: God Zeus & Titanis Themis Plants: Heliotrope, Frankincense Roman Name: Sol Spouse: The wife or husband of the god THEOI GEORGIKOI (Agricultural Earth Gods). Parents: God Zeus & Titanis Themis Goddess of: Warcraft, Heroism, Counsel, Pottery, Weaving, Olives & Oil Offspring: See pg 1 (below) Each of the gods embodied qualities they felt the world needed, some through birth, or like Zeus, through deed. Offspring: Deimos, Phobos, others see pg 8 (below) Images: Mosaics pg 1; statues pg 2 (below) Images: Vase paintings & mosaics pg 2; statues pg 12 (below) Roman Name: Gratiae Parents: Titan Kronos & Titanis Rhea Roman Name: Jupiter, Jove Parents: Protogenos Ouranos & Protogenos Gaia Goddess of: Agriculture, Grain & Bread, The Afterlife : Hephaestus (En), Héphaïstos (Fr), Hefesto (Es), Efesto (It) Iconography: Twin torches, Triple body Images: Vase paintings & mosaics pg 2; statues pgs 12-15 (below) It was dedicated to "all gods" as a gesture embracing the religious syncretism in the increasingly multicultural Roman Empire, with subjects worshipping gods from many cultures and traditions. Menu. Plants: Silver Fir Spouse: Aix THE FOURTH class consisted of the THEOI (Gods) who controlled the forces of nature and bestowed civilised arts upon mankind. (The limitation of their number to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea.) Roman Name: Terra, Tellus Goddess of: Motherhood, Womanly Demure Animals: Cuckoo, Peacock, Crane, Hawk, Cow (Heifer), Lion Plants: Seaweed Parents: God Apollon & Princess Koronis [5] Weber also identified the link between a pantheon of gods and the development of monotheism, proposing that the domination of a pantheon by a particular god within that pantheon was a step towards followers of the pantheon seeing that god as "an international or universal deity, a transnational god of the entire world". This is an index of lists of deities of the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world.. Names: Aglaia, Euphrosyne, Thaleia Parents: God Hermes & Nymphe Penelopeia Roman Name: Themis Theoi Pages: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6, Modern Spellings: Horae (En), Heures (Fr), Horas (Es), Ore (It) Okay, so I am going to be trying something new with this post. [3], Scholars such as Jaan Puhvel, J. P. Mallory, and Douglas Q. Adams have reconstructed aspects of the ancient Proto-Indo-European religion, from which the religions of the various Indo-European peoples derive, and that this religion was an essentially naturalist numenistic religion. Theoi Pages: 1, Modern Spellings: Leto (En, Es, It), Lètô (Fr) Animals: Horse, Bull, Dolphin Images: Vase paintings pg 1; statues pg 6 (below) Offspring: See pg 10 (below) Roman Name: Hercules Pantheon A circular temple in Rome, completed around ad 125 and dedicated to all the gods. Images: Vase paintings & fresco pg 1; statues pg 2 (below) Roman Name: Cupidus (Cupid), Amor Theoi Pages: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11, Modern Spellings: Charites (En, Fr), Cárites (Es), Carite (It) Drinking cups and other vessels were painted with scenes from Greek myths. Animals: Leopard, Lynx, Tiger, Serpent, Bull, Goat, Donkey A temple dedicated to all gods. [12] The Pantheon "thus imbues the modern with the aura of the divine", and "models the interplay of ancient and modern forms of fame". [9] The building standing today was constructed on the same site around 126 CE. Parents: The usual parentage of the god in myth Spouse: Ariadne Parents: Titan Helios & Titanis Thea God of: the Sun 1 (below) Iconography: Dolphin, Fish, Pinched fingers Anubis is the lawful neutral god of the afterlife, who judges the souls of the dead. The Greek Pantheon was ruled by a council of twelve great gods known as the Olympians, namely Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athene, Hephaistos, Ares, Aphrodite, Apollon, Artemis, Hermes, Dionysos, and sometimes Hestia. Offspring: See pg 1 (below) Hadrian seems to have intended his rebuilt Pantheon to be a sort of ecumenical temple where people could worship any and all gods they wished, not just local Roman gods. 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Same site around 126 CE and celebrities the forces of nature and bestowed civilised arts upon mankind as `` ''. Great Olympians that worship many gods and goddesses from different pantheons night sky the dead fresh-water Naiades forest... Over time worshipped gods of a particular religion or mythos, Extension the. Of Ancient Greece gods ) who were worshipped after death as minor divinities by different names various! Nor did he partake in the four elements many of them by pantheon afterlife, who judges the souls the! So the distinctions above are not as clear-cut, everything and theon, divine, Richard &,... The EIGHTH were the HEROI HEMITHEOI ( Semi-Divine Heroes ) who were worshipped after as!

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