And time spent attacking balsam is time not spent on other important wildlife conservation tasks. Scottish Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020 . Out-competes native species in ecologically sensitive areas, particularly river banks. Himalayan balsam is sometimes cultivated for its flowers. It has a hollow stem and can grow up to two metres tall. Himalayan balsam: controlling it on your land, file type: PDF, file size: 3 MB . Himalayan balsam is an alien invasive plant introduced to Ireland in the mid 19th Century mainly by Victorian gardeners. Did you know? Eradication may be possible in two to three years unless your site is being colonised by seeds from further upstream. It’s seen as a troublesome invader in many countries as it’s claimed to outcompete native plants and lure pollinators away from them. The first record of it being planted in gardens is 1839. Our regular Volunteer groups are always on the look-out for new members - join in, it’s great fun, costs nothing and you will learn new skills, visit lovely places, get healthy exercise and fresh air – and at the same time contribute to the improvement of some of our best wildlife habitats. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Himalayan Balsam - Impatiens glandulifera Edible plant with caution - novice Other common names: Indian Balsam, Nuns, Jumping Jacks, Bobby Tops, Copper Tops, Gnome’s Hatstand, Jewelweed, Ornamental Jewelweed, Policeman’s Helmet, Kiss-me-on-the-Mountain Scientific name meaning: Impatiens originates from Latin and means "impatient". - On uneven ground it can be difficult to get below the lowest node. I am a contractor for the Countryside Council for Wales the Environment Agency Wales and the Forestry Commission Wales in a joint project to eradicate Himalayan Balsam … A clump of plants with flowers of different colours is a lovely sight. Related . Himalayan balsam is found across Wales most commonly along waterways and in damp places. ... Strimming - Great for quickly removing large established populations. Control of Himalayan Balsam should ideally happen when the plants have grown to a good height, but have not yet flowered. What’s the problem? It is the tallest annual plant (completes its life cycle in one year) in Ireland growing up to 3m high. Balsaminaceae (balsam) Also known as. It is the tallest annual plant in the Ireland and can grow to a height of 7m (2m typical). Himalayan Balsam identification . If you use assistive technology please tell us what this is. Himalayan Balsam, or Impatiens glandulifera, to use its scientific name is a large, annual plant species native to, as its name suggests, the Himalayan mountains of East Asia.Growing alongside the colossal peaks and quaint streams of Nepal, Myanmar and other nearby nations. Himalayan balsam Botanical Name. The large white, pink, or purple flowers resemble a giant snapdragon with a large upper and lower ‘lip’. strimming Himalayan Balsam on the slopes of the Beaminster Tunnel. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. - Stems are soft and can be cut with ease. Each plant can produce up to 800 seeds per year. List of Options. PDF. Himalayan balsam is Britain’s tallest annual plant with each plant tending to be around 1-2 metres high, although they can reach a height of 2.5 metres in some cases! However it may be easier to leave them until the end of June, start of July, when the plants have flowered, as they will be easier to spot. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an invasive terrestrial plant species that was first introduced as an ornamental garden plant and is spread exclusively by seed.Since it was introduced, it has spread to most parts of Ireland. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera. Its aggressive seed dispersal, coupled with high nectar production which attracts pollinators, often allow it to outcompete native plants. 3rd Picture 8th May 2015, 1 year on, native growth returns. Seeds are dispersed by exploding seedpods which can scatter seeds approximately 7m from the plant. However the flowers produce more nectar than any other native European species making it more attractive to bees and other insects, luring them away from pollinating our native flowers. Some of those claims are critically reviewed in the chapter. Himalayan balsam (HB) (Impatiens glandulifera) is another highly invasive plant which has very successfully managed to spread from gardens into the wild across the UK. Strimming and trimming for cosmetic effect is not recommended. Himalayan balsam is a plant native to the Himalayas and was introduced to Britain by Victorian plant hunters. Himalayan Balsam, spoiling aesthetics and reducing the diversity of wildlife along the river. Small infestations of Himalayan balsam can be controlled by hand-pulling the whole plant, including roots, in April and any new growth in September; or by regular grazing, strimming or the application of herbicides. Himalayan balsam - Impatiens gladuliera flower. It is now widely established in other parts of the world (such as the British Isles and North America), in some cases becoming a weed. Volunteer groups are always after new recruits to help the fight. Origins. SNPA staff and some of the volunteers. Please tell us the format you need. HB is an annual plant that reproduces from seed. It can be identified by a pink, slipper-shaped flower which has a sickly sweet smell. Control of invasive non-native species - Himalayan balsam. Balsam Bash 2015. Himalayan balsam monoculture on the river Camel, Cornwall, UK. It has a very effective mechanism for spreading its seed; its seed pods pop in sunny weather or when touched, spreading the seeds by up to 7m. Introduced as a garden plant in the early 19th century it is now widespread in the UK, especially along urban rivers. Seeds can be transported by water which helps this weed to spread quickly along waterways. Himalayan Balsam is now listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) and it is an offence to plant it in the wild or otherwise cause it to grow in the wild. My research has been assessing the success of each method, and comparing their cost effectiveness. 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