When learners read a lot, they meet thousands of words and lexical (word) patterns that are not taught in textbooks. This article provides three differences… The Characteristics of an Extensive Reading Approach from Day & Bamford (1998) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Introduction 1. Fowler (1989) has pointed out that “Readers learn genres gradually, usually through unconscious familiarization.” (p. 215) Thus, teachers can employ this technique to improve the learners’ reading comprehension. Therefore, Teacher and students should be active throughout the reading, For teachers to teach reading effectively their lessons should include vocabulary, decoding skills, fluency and comprehension strategies. Analyzing The Extensive Reading Approach English Language Essay. Extensive Reading is a supplementary reading which is concerned with decoding of the written material. Although reading comprehension can be one goal of intensive reading, its goals may include learning subject matter, vocabulary learning and studying the authors’ intentions. Unlike extensive reading, the goal of intensive reading is not to read many texts for fluency, but rather to read a shorter piece of text to gain a deeper understanding of that text. Goal of Extensive Reading. Motivated readers work harder to build meaning in their reading and display increased comprehension (Pardo, 2004). Reading is an activity that can add someone’s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary items. In any one class, a wide range of reading ability is “valid”. Due to this examination, many ESL teachers are expected to teach concepts which are on the test. The purposes of reading are usually related to pleasure and interest. Reading comprehension is an intentional, active, interactive, process that occurs before, during and after a person reads a particular piece of writing. ™½øKğ$+�ğ£.�53|Š6Ìs4goù¸lgí Ï÷ ›tó-ºBá,  £m:tâÅl+À¨®cÙÎGb&âİY¼�]_òv¾¦ÁÓ,,¾é ojüΈŸ[ÌB³ÑãæÅ`o¶&ßxVM" Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. The teacher has to conduct the following tasks which are helpful to learn and strengthen one’s speaking skills Extensive Reading builds vocabulary. Unfortunately many of us have come to associate learning with unnecessary suffering. RW Reading & Writing - Journal of the Reading Association of South Africa 2079-8245 2308-1422 AOSIS RW-8-153 10.4102/rw.v8i1.153 Original Research Extensive reading in a tertiary reading programme: Students’ accounts of affective and cognitive benefits Boakye Naomi A. aurovarona@yahoo.com.mx. The larger language exposure students have the faster they will pick it up (Anice Paterson & Jane Willis, 2008). The teacher needs to explain what this is about, and according to the level of the students, explain the rationale behind implementing such a scheme. Students read as much as possible. for different reasons and in different ways. https://www.weareteacherfinder.com/blog/extensive-intensive-reading Extensive reading is a prime means of developing a taste for foreign language reading. We asked authors, teachers, and other experts what you can do to turn yourself into a bookworm, and they gave us these tips: Nevertheless, there is … It demands all the society in every background especially for students to master it well. In an article published for the October 2002 issue of "Reading in a Foreign Language," English instructor Julian Bamford, of Bunkyo University in Japan, and Richard R. Day of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, outlined their approach to providing opportunities for extensive reading. ¦³³oÀ¿F_pAßL„:¡èWÌÄAÚÁ�ÆoğÎëL¨3¥Fép‚F¢ä9JqÏк�'×Ú{¼6KÔ¼8"OB-+’u&‘$àï²Ä/P}T ¢ˆË­‘S~ºtøk¦ƒ,󲻀çOé3™M)M¥e I–¦¢FmP|Y%Aí5¾ëöµ 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading . By conducting Just A Minute (JAM), teacher can build up confidence in students. The following are the basic characteristics of extensive reading: 1. To know language means to understand and speak the language. As a result, it is ideal to adapt lessons to the various learning styles of children as every child learns differently, some visual others through lectures (CITE). extensive reading as a program at Georgian universities The first chapter presents different views on reading, characteristics of a reader, and defines extensive reading with its ÂĞv!zÛ°�şİ/Æ#ØxD±.�mÙ6½ƒI�̇¨… Lf1Ÿ“�Álx8ñšÇJÔ™TfV¦Àṉc!eJgé(lŠ²£(F“ÃÓO% Characteristic of extensive reading 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. SECTION B Therefore, reading fluency, the use of accuracy and automaticity, connects to student’s reading comprehension. Whether you are reading a book, using a tablet or following along on a phone, reading is a great way to explore the world! Extensive Reading (ER), known with other names such as Free Voluntary Reading (FEVER), Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading (USSR), Drop Everything and Read (DEAR), or Positive Outcomes While Enjoying Reading (POWER), is to “read a lot” (Palmer 1969, Harmer 2007, Maley 2009, Day 2011). Various techniques have been attempted by pedagogues to eradicate resistance to reading and among them Extensive reading is the most frequently cited remedy and is a very useful and relatively painless device to promote reading motivation and enhance reading performance of students. Extensive reading out of class . Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. This research is to investigate the effectiveness of using extensive reading materials to teach reading for standard 5 students As we aware, reading is an active process in which readers shift between sources of information, elaborate meaning and strategies, check their interpretation and use social context to focus their responses. Through extensive reading readers transmit the information and content of the materials constructed by the author through the analysis of the data. As we discussed with our first article, students who have better automaticity obtain more cognitive abilities that they can put forth to work with reading comprehension. characteristics of extensive reading To fluently read massive amounts of comprehensible language within one’s comfort zone to build fluency while consolidating language knowledge. Students read as much as possible, usually out of the classroom. Universidad de Veracruz, Mexico. Because extensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, learners need to be introduced carefully. The readers read as much as possible the easy and enjoyable materials for pleasure, information or general understanding. Mastering English becomes a need for students who want to … Some scholars have highlighted the benefits of using extensive reading as a way to motivate students to learn a second language (L2). 3. 2. Using these techniques and strategies taught in class students can make connections to build up their reading comprehension. For specifics of how to create such a library, see David Hill's "Setting up an Extensive Reading Programme," and "Graded Readers: Choosing the Best" in this issue. A student’s reading success depends of their reading. Actually, there are so many options that it might seem a bit overwhelming, so we’ve narrowed things down a bit. In other words, it should feel like reading. Extensive reading is reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure, as well as to gain a basic understanding of something. In 1998, Richard Day provided a list of key characteristics for a successful Extensive Reading Programme. You should have that wonderful feeling of being wrapped up in a story, unable to set the book down even to eat. Extensive and Intensive are different in some cases. I am inspired to develop methods that would help students attain skills such as being imaginative, analytical and interpretive. 10 Characteristics of a Successful Extensive Reading Program . The more extensive reading you do, the more language you are exposed to, allowing you to increase your passive knowledge of vocabulary quite quickly. ;US£_mÌ-¼ĞȆçØõµ˜(¿v)äÜuü�ôœ+‘Ô*G65úOV 25É*£.òE!êUªİİwS�¨¦g\7E"j©02&n"’3L$H¢×�9Ñ3. The fact of promoting autonomous and self-selected readings extensively makes this reading approach suitable for both L2 and EFL learners (Renandya & Jacobs, 2002). Aurora Varona Archer. He believed that in ER, books were read for both language study and … Realizing the importance of reading, some collages make it as one of subject. ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. It works as ‘textual schemata’, and it limits the ‘meaning-potential’ of a specific text (O’Sullivan, et al, 1994). Nowadays in the foreign language teaching methodology by Georgian authors the definition of extensive reading is adopted in general. In an extensive reading programme, the students are reading principally for the content of the texts. In simple terms Extensive Reading is reading as many easy books as possible for pleasure, and can be contrasted with intensive reading which is slow, careful reading of a short, difficult text. A Teaching Method: Reading Approach Written by: Thety Anggraini (06081001003) Lianasari (06081001004) English Education Study Program Sriwijaya University INTRODUCTION Nowadays, English becomes an international language. The Principles of Extensive Reading. 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. A key component to properly learning English is developing a unique classroom culture that fosters learning the language (CITE). Here are some suggestions for beginning an extensive reading program: They have to express their views on particular topic in English in a minute. Extensive Reading helps learners understand grammar. Reading motivation is a key factor in reading performance. 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. An interesting point made by Ashworth was that if a student struggles with learning English in the classroom, they should not be removed from the class or held back but instead continue with their original class. English Literature also helps students deal with problems in everyday situations; by reading novels about past issues, they. Extensive Reading allows the learner to develop an awareness of collocations (common word partnerships) and thousands of lexical phrases. While intensive reading requires a high level of focus and deliberate effort, extensive reading is meant to be a fun and pleasurable experience, requiring a low expenditure of mental effort. Extensive reading is rarely included in course books, although those with long ELT memories might recall the power of the famous story The Man Who Escaped in Robert O’Neill et al’s Kernel Lessons Intermediate published by Longman in the 1970s. Basically you can call it a detailed analysis or say the Narrow Reading. ˵`ö’I,ìØğéä‘�CQêÔ@:t–kd�!H%jk:˜Ê‰ô¶ÒŒ-4†{‹ræ¬pŞY³æÜ›q! Both the teacher and students can be assisted during teaching and learning when DRTA strategy is being implemented. They read in their own speed individually with encouragement, no pressure, no test and the. A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. Language is primarily spoken form. Therefore, it is a complex skill that should be owned and mastered by students; moreover, it should be rehearsed and examined continuously in order to improve the ability in comprehending the information they have. Studies have proven that extensive reading improves reading speed, reading comprehension, listening, speaking skills as well as vocabulary and grammar. This subject focuses on reading, as such, I will incorporate different reading strategies such as peer, group, question generating, and cooperative learning, so that all students will develop a love and openness for this subject. A good book can take you from the depths of the ocean floor to the farthest reaches of our galaxy and beyond. Another aspect of ER is that the learner should be reading a wide variety of texts such as novels, mystery, poems etc. In Palmer’s view of ER, students read a great deal and read quickly. Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing by Sy-ying Lee, Ph.D. and Ying-ying Hsu S ome scholars have hypothesized that writing style, the special language of writing, is acquired, or subconsciously absorbed, through reading (Krashen, The list includes ten principles as follows: 1. In order to maintain the interest in reading among students in this school, we need to use extensive reading materials as an alternative to teach reading apart from using the traditional reading materials. Teachers can also opt for silent reading in class which can bridge to home reading. Since the aim of the reading programme is to develop students’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading is very important. I believe English Literature will play a pivotal role in students’ lives because this subject has a lot to offer them. There are two kinds of teaching reading; Extensive and Intensive. YÆ(*ùô^ËÏÒZd;œ•‰�gäF…ö&ñÙáX!wv0 [Š\Ę̉+RÑÓÂÜ�F­ø+ê'¯W³?Š�#´Gç ¦µ‰!E‘X0ŠåJ Students decide on what to read and have the liberty to discontinue reading if the … Needless to say, that helps them develop overall language skills. Role of English teacher in developing speaking skills in students: Timed reading is an activity which is usually done to increase reading speed (Nation, 2007). Reading is fun! Determining the Crucial Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing @inproceedings{Lee2009DeterminingTC, title={Determining the Crucial Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing}, author={Sy-Ying Lee and Y. Hsu}, year={2009} } Teachers can ask students about the books they are reading informally, and encourage occasional mini-presentations of the books or book reviews, but these should not seem like obligations to the students. In extensive reading you should know at least 98% of the words on a page. All it requires is a library of suitable reading material. 1. I believe reading is an important aspect of our lives; in fact we do this every day, hence the reason I choose to teach English Literature. Continuation –Day & Bamford –the Characteristics of Extensive Reading Reading is individual and silent –at student’s own pace, in and out of the classroom Reading speed is usually faster than slower –students read books that they find easily understandable Teachers involve the students in the methodology and the In other words, having knowledge about genre is likely to play a significant role in enhancing the reading comprehension. Typically ER involves reading massive amounts of very simple material so that the learner can read smoothly, confidently and pleasurably. On the other hand, intensive reading is comprehensive in nature, as it involves comprehension of the written text. Intensive reading can often be done through the kind of activities offered in the average course book. When it’s time for extensive reading practice, it’s more a matter of narrowing down choices than searching for them! According to Elfira, Marhum and Mashuri (2015), DRTA strategy encourages students to use their mind while reading, thus making them thoughtful and active learner as they comprehend the text. Characteristics of Extensive Reading Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Kelly (1969) claimed that Harold Palmer was the first to use the term extensive readingin foreign language (FL) teaching. In other words, language learners need to construct meaning while reading a text, and having adequate knowledge regarding the genre of the text can facilitate this process. Extensive Reading Material. Home characteristics of extensive reading. After all, teaching reading to students without such a taste is, as Eskey (1995), nicely phrased it, … ELLs are encouraged to make individual book selections according to level and interest from the school/public library. Corpus ID: 16525894. Here in this article we will highlight the basic characteristics of intensive reading. Extensive Reading. Read at home – It helps to always have books at (home). Some of you may feel skeptical if your experience with extensive reading in classroom hasn’t always been positive. (Waring, 2009) To develop good reading habits integrated with the immediate priorities of the teacher and the students. Most extensive reading will be done out of the, According to Brasell and Rasinski (2008:20) reading comprehension is the ability to take information from written text and do something with it in a way that demonstrates knowledge or understanding of that information. Currently, extensive reading (ER) is one reading approach that is being studied by most reading experts. 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