Naming Acids and Bases Acid names are based on the anion they form when dissolved in water; base names follow the rules for ionic, organic, or molecular compounds. For example, water (H2O) is a compound consisting of two hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom. Now let us have a look at the common names and formulas of some important chemical compounds. There are 3 major kinds of chemical compounds, each differentiated by how the constituent atoms are held together; covalent, ionic, and metallic. 1) Sodium bicarbonate : Baking powder: NaHCO3 2) Copper Sulphate : Blue Vitriol : CuSO4 XH20 3) Calcium Oxychloride : Bleaching powder : CaOCL2 4) Trichloro Methane : Chloroform : CaOCL2 5) Calcium Carbonate : Chalk (Marble) : CaCo3 6) Potassium Hydroxide : Caustic Soda : NaOH 7) Solid Carbondiaoxide : Dry Ice : CO2 8) Magnesium Sulphate : Epsom : MgSO4 9) Caustic Potash : Potassium Hydroxide : KOH 10) Calcium Sulphate : Gypsum : CaSo4 2H2O 11) Ferrous Sulphate : Green Vitriol : FeS… Extremely electronegative elements like halogens will steal electrons from less electronegative elements, forming cations and anions. Have you ever seen a rusty metal object that has been left outside? Like ionic compounds, metallic compounds have an ordered lattice structure. The high number of possible energy states for electrons to occupy means that electrons can freely move about the substance. In contrast to physical changes, chemical changes cannot usually be reversed, unless an equivalent chemical reaction takes … A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. The mobility of valence electrons in metallic compounds explains many of the physical properties of metals, like strength, conductivity, ductility, luster, and opacity. We love feedback :-) and want your input on how to make Science Trends even better. Hope the article helped you to have a fair idea on chemical compounds, their common names and formulas. Monosodium glutamate is famous to be known as MSG in household. © 2020 Science Trends LLC. And some of them are given below. 14) Sodium Carbonate : Washing Soda Since the electrons are very mobile, they are easily influenced by an electrical field, which makes metallic compounds very conductive. Every chemical compound has a chemical formula, a notation that describes the relative proportions of elements that constitute a given compound. • What is the chemical formula of common salt? A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. • What are ‘common names’ of a chemical compound Water, carbon dioxide and table salt are three examples for chemical compounds. Chemical compounds can generally be classified into two broad groups: molecular compounds and ionic compounds. carbon dioxide CO 2) Ionic Compound - a compound formed from the attraction between positive and negative ions. 16) Potassium Aluminum Sulphate Sodium thiosulphate Ionic bonds tend to form strong, brittle compounds that are solid at room temperature, have high melting and boiling points, and are good electrical insulators. The examples of organic aicd are perchloric acid (HC104), (propanoic acid) CH3CH2COOH, (ethanoic acid ) CH3COOH, (hexanoic acid) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2COOH, (carbolic acid or hydroxybenzene, not IUPAC names) C6H5OH, (4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid) CH3C6H4SO3H, and many more. The delocalized electrons also explain why metals have their characteristic luster. Success is the sum of small efforts repeated day in and day out. The released energy is emitted throughout the entire electromagnetic spectrum, from […], Online dating sites have become a large part of how people meet one another and start relationships, with some estimates […], As a family of epigenetic enzymes, histone deacetylases (HDACs) can catalyze the removal of an acetyl group from N-acetyl lysine […], Whether sexual stimuli excite people depends not only on how sexually exciting a stimulus is but also on the extent […], Every one of our bodies contains trillions of cells, each of which plays a specific role to ensure our physiology […], It has long been suggested that the relationship between Bergmann (1847) and Allen (1877) ecogeographical principles and geography may be […], Climate changes and anthropogenic disturbances are current threats to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Moreover, the proportion of constituents of steel can differ. For example, water consists of one oxygen atom covalently bonded to two hydrogen atoms (H2O). Solved Examples. Monosodium glutamate. NaHCO3 The attractive force between oppositely charged ions draws them together and forms a tight chemical bond. In some ways, one could consider a sample of pure metal a single huge molecule that freely shares electrons across its structure. Chemical compound, any substance composed of identical molecules consisting of atoms of two or more chemical elements. For example, halogens, one of the families of elements on the periodic table, are very electronegative as they have an outer electron shell of 7 electrons. Sign up for our science newsletter! But in general, they are known by their common name and many of them are a part of our day to day life. 24) Mercuric Sulphide : Vermelium In other words, a chemical formula represents the ratio of atoms per element that make up the chemical compound. • What is the chemical name of magnetite? That's great to hear! The first reason is to meet an industrial demand for a product. ". OR; Identify 20 chemicals in everyday household items (which is a hint to read the 'ingredients' labels on packets of cleaning materials, paints and other containers of substances in your home). • Acetic acid is another name of which of the following? To put that another way, the atoms of a substance are rearranged when a chemical change takes place. HCN – hydrogen cyanide –It’s a toxic gas C 18 H 21 NO 3 – codeine, a painkilling drug Ca 10 (PO 4) 6 (OH) 2 – Hydroxyapatite, that is present in the enamel of the tooth Alcohol 2) Copper Sulphate : Blue Vitriol Moreover, this free-sharing of electrons means that the cation lattice can break and reform local bonds easily. Naming Compounds – Part 2 – YouTube: This video explains how to use a chemical name to write the formula for that compound. 27) Silicon Oxide : Sand. 10. Vinegar are not compounds- mixtures (glass, alloys, concrete, gasoline , etc.) • What is the chemical formula of Laughing gas? An ionic compound is composed of two or more ions held together by electrostatic forces. Compounds are pure chemical substances with two or more different chemical element that can be separated by chemical reactions. PCl 3 - phosphorus trichloride CH 3 CH 2 OH - ethanol As a consequence, covalent bonds tend to be relatively weaker than the other kinds of bonds. Some examples of not compounds:- all chemical elements (Al, He, U etc.) • What a chemical compound is A chemical formula reflects a lot of information about the chemical substance it represents such as how many and what atoms they are made of as well as the way the atoms are arranged. 25) Sucrose : Sugar Examples of Compounds. These cations and anions are then attracted to each other due to their opposite electric charges. 12) Deuterium Oxide : Heavy Water In the simplest way, you can define a chemical compound as “a substance that is made up of two or more elements”. Steel, for example, is a mixture. The chemical formula for sodium chloride (Salt) is NaCl indicating that 1 atom of sodium combines with 1 atom of chlorine. Wish you all the best! There are four types of compounds, depending on how the constituent atoms are held together: molecules held together by covalent bonds ionic compounds held together by ionic bonds intermetallic compounds held together by metallic bonds certain complexes hel… We cover everything from solar power cell technology to climate change to cancer research. 5) Calcium Carbonate : Chalk (Marble) In forming chemical compounds, many elements have a tendency to gain or lose enough electrons to attain the same number of electrons as the noble gas closest to them in the periodic table. Compounds can be either ionic (composed of ions, in which an atom or atoms gain or lose electrons) or covalent (formed when elements share electrons). 4) Trichloro Methane : Chloroform Molecular compounds involve atoms joined by covalent bonds and can be represented by a variety of formulas. Ecosystem health depends not only on its […]. There will be a fixed ratio for a chemical compound determining the composition of it. There are a wide variety of covalent bonds ranging from simple compounds composed of only two atoms to extremely complex organic macromolecules. There are other chemical compounds formed through things like hydrogen bonds, van der Waals forces, and dipole-dipole interactions. Every covalently bonded compound has a specific geometric structure, determined by the intermolecular forces at play. What kinds of bond two elements enter into is determined by those elements electronegativities — a measure of how greatly those elements attract electrons. Urea, Vitamins, Ketones and Xylene are other additional examples of organic chemical compounds. All Rights Reserved. 9) Caustic Potash : Potassium Hydroxide The main mechanism that drives the bonding of chemical compounds is the share or transfer of valence electrons. There exists a special type of covalent bond called a coordinate covalent bond. Those beauty conscious people may also find this chemical helpful as it is also used in a pedicure. Prove you're human, which is bigger, 2 or 8? A scientist in his laboratory is not only a technician: he is also a child placed before natural phenomena which impress him like a fairy tale.” — Marie Curie. Individual ions in ionic compounds tend to be in close contact with a number of neighboring ions, organized in a continuous and periodic crystalline structure. 15) Calcium Hydroxide : Slaked Lime Metallic compounds can be described as compounds that consist of a freely shared pool of electrons situated on a lattice of metal cations. There are 3 major kinds of chemical compounds, each differentiated by how the constituent atoms are held together; covalent, ionic, and metallic. you helped to brief us about chemistry. This is your chance to win amazing discounts! Chemical compounds are very different from mixtures: The elements in a chemical compound can only be separated by destroying the compound. Table salt (NaCl) is a compound because it is composed of a sodium atom (Na) and a chlorine atom (Cl) that are bonded together. ; or other similar questions, which may ask for more or fewer examples. In this case a chemical compound (in the contemporary sense), a silver or gold amalgam, is produced, which is then heated to separate the mercury from the silver or gold. 11) Ferrous Sulphate : Green Vitriol A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers and sometimes also other symbols such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus and minus signs. Chemical Formula: CH3COOH (Ethanoic Acid/Acetic Acid) Vinegar is the chemical compound consisting, carboxylic acid. Table salt, for example, is an ionic compound, formed by the joining of a sodium cation (Na+) and a chlorine anion (Cl–). Unlike ionic compounds though, the electrons of a metallic compound are delocalized, meaning that they can freely move around. Feel free to ask your doubts through the comment box below (if any). The actual number of possible chemical bond-types is unknown, but these three categories comprise the majority of chemical bonds that one would encounter in everyday life. 18) Calcium Sulphate : Plaster of Paris Examples of household compounds with their chemical formulas: (1) water - H2O (2) sodium chloride (table salt) - NaCl (3) sucrose (table sugar) - C12H22O11 (4) sodium hydrogen carbonate (baking soda) - NaHCO3 This is done through the use of subscripts. “I am among those who think that science has great beauty. • What is Carborundum? That being said, some covalently bonded compounds, such as quartz or diamond, are extremely strong and have high melting and boiling points. Na2CO3 The material that we commonly refer to as rust is actually the chemical compound iron oxide. • List of important chemical compounds, their common names and formulas. Attempt Free Mock Test on General Awareness! Elements constitute the simplest chemical substances in which all the atoms are exactly the same. Covalent Compound - a compound where electrons are shared between the atoms (e.g. Carboxylic acids are the most common organic acids. Iron oxide is formed when the iron in an object reacts with the oxygen in the atmosphere and forms ionic bonds that result in a chemical compound. Compounds interact through chemical reactions, during which atomic bonds are broken and reform into different compounds. These chemical points in the molecule are called functional groups. Problem 1: In one molecule of the compound, determine how many atoms of every element are present for each one of these chemical formulas. Photons from light waves bounce off and are scattered by the electrons. It is important to realize that the above three categories only describe the three most common kinds of chemical bonds and compounds. Bibliography: List of 131 compounds in the Solution Calculator database for which the density function is defined are for the Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook.. D.W. Green, R.H. Perry, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, McGraw-Hill, (2) 99-118, 2008. Examples of how to use “chemical compound” in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Labs Here are examples of ionic bonds and ionic compounds: NaBr: sodium bromide KBr: potassium bromide NaCl: sodium chloride NaF: sodium fluoride KI: potassium iodide KCl: potassium chloride CaCl 2: calcium chloride K 2 O: potassium oxide MgO: magnesium oxide List the common names together with the chemical names and formulae of 20 household chemicals. Types Of Chemical Compounds With Examples. Science Trends is a popular source of science news and education around the world. 10) Calcium Sulphate : Gypsum In this article, we are discussing the following topics. A synthesis usually is undertaken for one of three reasons. The food we eat on a daily basis is also made up of organic compounds strung together in the form of amino acids, carbohydrates and fat that is later broken down by the body. D2O Organic compounds, such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, are all examples of molecular compounds. Lipid is a substance which is soluble in nonpolar solvents, it is naturally occuring molecules such … We help hundreds of thousands of people every month learn about the world we live in and the latest scientific breakthroughs. These functional groups impart a distinctive character to the plain aliphatic chain or rings. It is even theorized that massive stars could create a special type of chemical bond caused by their magnetic fields. It is very important … Halogens, like chlorine (Cl), readily form ionic bonds with elements that are not very electronegative, such as alkali metals like sodium (Na). We're sorry to hear that! 7) Solid Carbondiaoxide : Dry Ice Chemical compounds, on the other hand, consist of substances that share chemical bonds with each other. A mixture might include a number of different elements, but in a mixture, none of the elements share chemical bonds with each other. Chemical compounds always have the same proportions of constituents; every molecule of salt is composed of one sodium and one chlorine atom (NaCl). 6) Potassium Hydroxide : Caustic Soda One example of an ionic compound is sodium chloride (NaCl), formed from sodium and chlorine. A sample of steel could have more carbon or less iron in it. Steel is composed of quantities of iron (Fe) and carbon (C), but those elements are not chemically bonded. Chemical compounds always have the same proportions of constituents; every molecule of salt is composed of one sodium and one chlorine atom (NaCl). Examples of Compounds - Common Compounds There are millions of compounds. Enter your email address and spin the wheel. Organic acids are the organic chemical compound with acidic properties. Ionic compounds generally form between elements that differ greatly in their electronegativities. • What is meant by the formula of a chemical compound In order to become stable, an oxygen atom will pick up two hydrogen atoms with one electron each, thus giving the oxygen atom a full shell of 8 electrons. Positively charged ions are called cations and negatively charged ions are called anions. A chemical compound is a chemical substance consisting of two or more different chemically bonded chemical elements, with a fixed ratio determining the composition. 1) Sodium bicarbonate : Baking powder 26) Trinitrotoluene : T.N.T. Covalent compounds are chemical compounds that are formed by the sharing of electron pairs between elements. Here are more list of common chemicals used at home: 1. Monosodium glutamate or sodium glutamate is composed by sodium salt and glutamate acid. 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