It is the science of principles. It is the Absolute flowing and moving that appears to the senses as the world. The ultimate Reality is either God, or the world of perception alone, or only the individual mind. One must put the Vedanta into daily practice, in every action that one does. God, freedom and immortality are not objects of the reason, which reason has to establish independently, but represent the highest goal which reason has to justify, basing itself on the Anubhava or experience of the sages, such as those of the Upanishads. The objects of the senses get fused, as it were, in the constitutive essence of the Absolute. This negative knowledge becomes the starting point of the effort towards its positive realisation in meditation and communion. In Swami Sivananda’s philosophy, the world consists of merely the names and forms of experience and not what puts on these names and forms. “Philosophy has its roots in the practical needs of man. All values, intrinsic or extrinsic, are rooted in the judgment of the supreme value of the realisation of the Absolute, which is the eternal home of all other values and in which all other values find their fulfilment. Beauty is either subjective or objective or relative to the subject and the object. In this view, each person constructs his own unique and temporary essence. ), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Philosophy of Life in Contemporary Society, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philosophy_of_life&oldid=980949842, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles to be merged from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from April 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 12:27. Mere theorising and lecturing is only intellectual gymnastics. Philosophy investigates the very possibility and conditions of knowledge, its extent, nature and value. Philosophy is a rational enquiry into the forms, contents and implications of experience. Philosophy is a term generally applied to a study of all these aspects of life’s meaning, and so it forms the most attractive pursuit of the human being in general. Definition of philosophy of life. The several causes of error in perception are also discussed under epistemology. Truly speaking, philosophy can neither be purely subjective in its approach, nor purely objective in the sense of an alienation from the perceiving subject. All philosophy really springs from an inward dissatisfaction with immediate empirical experience consequent upon the perception of the inadequacies inherent in its very nature. The discovery of the ultimate meaning and essence of existence is the central purpose of philosophy. Philosophy does not pretend to give us Truth as it is, but is capable of intimating to us the existence of a super-sensible being which presses itself forward in each and every one of our experiences as their sole value, essence and justification, as the highest consummation and beatitude of all individuals in the universe. It means that a purely intellectual philosophy can never discover reality, for, this discovery is possible only through super-sensory intuition or Sakshatkara. Michael Chase, Stephen R. L. Clark, Michael McGhee (eds. When reason draws inspiration from non-sensory experience and breathes the air of intuition, what it declares is not merely a regulative principle but the representation of what is real in the highest sense. What the senses perceive is but the outer changing mode of the fact of the relativity of experience. Most English speaking philosophers writing on meaning in life are trying to develop and evaluate theories, i.e., fundamental and general principles that are meant to capture all the particular ways that a life could obtain meaning. According to twentieth century Freudian psychoanalyst Bruno Bettelheim, “our greatest need and most difficult achievement is to find meaning in our lives” (Bettelheim 1978: 3). The world is either pluralistic or a single whole; and is real, ideal or unreal, empirical, pragmatic or rational. The meaning of our life, its purpose and justification, is to fulfill the expectations of God, and then to receive our final reward. The Absolute is necessary for the world, but the world is not necessary for the Absolute. The transitory nature of mediate knowledge affects the whole world of science, for this latter is sense-bound. Philosophy is a well coordinated and systematised attempt at evaluating life and the universe as a whole, with reference to first principles that underlie all things as their causes and are implicit in all experience. The individual is either free or bound. The term is generally used in an informal sense, meaning a personal philosophy whose focus is resolving basic existential questions about the human condition rather than an academic philosophical endeavour. One must radiate love to one and all. Reason rests on the awareness of duality, on the concept of the dichotomy of existence, and Truth is non-duality. “Philosophy is love of wisdom, or striving for wisdom. It should be a personal and simple philosophy with the aim of tackling the existential issues of our lives that we will all inevitably face.Through this, we can endeavour to integrate meaning into our lives. Swami Sivananda holds philosophy to be the Vedanta or the consummation of knowledge, Brahmavidya, or the sacred lore of the Eternal, which is inseparable from Yogasastra, or the methodology of the ascent of the finite to the infinite. But a life philosophy doesn’t have to be a complex thing. These codes or principles are what define us. As ethics philosophy engages itself in the ascertainment of the nature of right and wrong, good and bad. It speaks to the world in the language of the world, for the language of intuition is unintelligible to the world of experience. Though Hegel’s Reason has its function in the unification of the categories, its goal is abstract, an Idea. Philosophy conceived as metaphysics deals with an extensive reasoned discussion of the natures and the relations of God, world and the individual soul. The 3rd International Conference on Philosophy and Meaning in Life will be held June 17-19, 2020 at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. 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