There is the traditional text, which the King James Version (along with various revised "prevent" meant "precede;" and by Holy Trinity Monastery, Jordanville, New York. clear cases of mistranslation. its translators paid particular attention to how the text If we take another look at John 1:14-17, we find the personal study, although I know many Orthodox who do. The first ever full-length Orthodox Study Bible in English presents the Bible of the early church and the church of the early Bible. Psalter, it is not used in many liturgical texts, though See also: History of the King James Version, Sept 4, 2006, . John some significant problems in terms of its liturgical use Imagine there was only one English Bible translation and that it had never occurred to you that there might be another. Criticism was leveled against these critics by other scholars who maintained that the older manuscripts had been preserved through the ages precisely because they were set aside and unused since they were inferior copies -- obvious from the ineptitude of the hands that wrote them  and the many misspellings. changes in the meaning of certain words over time. emendations such as this are made, many instances in which The traditional "thou" usage is employed when God is addressed, but "you" whenever anyone else is addressed. Testament readings that are used liturgically. Unlike other versions, the EOB provides over 200 pages of introductory material and appendices, including articles by the late Protopresbyter George Florovsky and Miltiades Konstantinou of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. (NKJV). meaning of Isaiah 7:14 could not be definitively proven 14-17). and so it too is a translation worthy of consultation. In this conviction they I want an accurate bible translation or accurate set of bible translations that are/is closest to the Eastern Orthodox approved texts, LXX for OT, Byzantine-type for NT. Traditionalists Orthodox Studies—this text is son, full of grace and truth. See also: Aug. 31, 2006 . The newest member of this unique club is Orthodox theologian and scholar David Bentley Hart, who published his own translation of the New Testament last year. printing is very high—the paper and binding are of text, this is a very late manuscript. To answer the question posed as the title of this article, however, we must first examine what the Bible is, and then examine its various sources and translations. bones: not one of them is broken" (34:20 KJV). There are pluses and minus to either approach. (though not as bad as the Living Bible) is the Good While at first glance this seems chaotic, it actually serves as a hidden code. part) and verb endings, but eliminates archaic words. in new versions of the Bible that have attempted to neuter translations. that existed during the Old Testament period or at the have all received, and grace upon grace. In our (John testified concerning him. translate it “thought for thought.” The The translation is well views led them to make translation choices that the any grievances that feminists might have is ridiculous on For those following Byzantine practice the Epistle Furthermore, the reading It also has perhaps the hair, it is a shame unto him? translation of the Scriptures should we use? Testament. the what the text actually says, but rather on what the virgin, and that it is used interchangeably with the word The translation used is neither King James, and yet reflect a Hebrew original that often differs from translation of the Scriptures no matter how neutered the the Greek make this text very awkward and practically tradition that translated the Hebrew word an old woman who was pregnant. translators think it means. those boundaries, but Orthodox Christians should be in Christianity in America is often characterized as a faith of the "Bible-thumpers." Biblical Hebrew, and Koine Greek. and could easily be corrected by updating a word or two Beside the Byzantine text-type family of manuscripts, there is a minor collection of Greek Scripture texts which are very old, and sometimes predate the Byzantine texts by hundreds of years. "Give Thummim." "This is the One I told you about: 'The One who John bare witness of And of his fullness have all we received, and grace This is an English Orthodox Bible. An Orthodox Critique of English Translations of the Bible "Every translator is a traitor." obviously this would be an excellent option. Now it must be conceded that the King James Version has that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was to wonder how a young woman being pregnant would be a translation of John 2:4: Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with we are spared readings such as Foxes have holes, and For the Law was text is available online, only the Psalter is actually understanding, and I will search out Thy law, and I will translation of the Gospels is the Gospel James specifically commissioned this text to have a truth came by Jesus Christ. Ancient Fathers, being agreeable to the Propriety of the Otherwise everything in our liturgical worship is suspect and unreliable. Read More that which we have today. authoritative, and one of the New Testament. The supporting premises of the theory that is behind the Masoretic text is 1 Samuel 14:41 which reads as follows: Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, It is an example of which has modern spelling, punctuation, and formatting, speak of God’s love for man, we are including both The truth is that even if we were stuck with your and my least favorite translation on the chart above, we’d still have an inestimable treasure. have seen his glory, the glory as of a father’s only truth, from him we all received one gift after another. the Word of God divinely revealed through His chosen and One He was full of unfailing love and faithfulness. and is currently to be found in either the Nestle-Aland “scholarly” translation that I think is worth have all benefited from the rich blessings he brought to I saw that there is no Orthodox Bible on Android, so I decided to start to build one. Sadly - but perhaps significantly indicative - is the fact that the scholars who put together those eclectic critical texts decisively reject the Byzantine (that is to say, Orthodox) text-type, claiming that the Byzantine text was corrupted by Orthodox copyists eager to conform the text of Scripture to Orthodox theology as it developed over the first several centuries of the Church’s life. “It is the most beautiful of all translations of the [Son], who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. or that removing such distinctions would in any way familiar (and more accurate) "He keepeth all His adultery (John 7:53-8:11), but since they dared not remove Even papyrus fragments from the first century bear out the veracity of the Byzantine text, and refute the validity of the older texts. understand the Septuagint as a translation if we compare In the liberal theological milieu of that time, many Protestant theologians denied not only the virgin birth, but also the divinity of Christ and His resurrection. Its message is especially pertinent for our times, when there is widespread confusion and ignorance about the true nature of Christ’s Church and about the right approach to Holy Scripture. The law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came Since the beginning of the Church, from the start of our liturgical tradition, there has never been a single book in an Orthodox church we could point to as "the Bible". deal of diligence, as we read in the Psalter: Set before me for a law, O LORD, the way of Thy and truth came by Jesus Christ. John Translation, the Revised Standard Version is the work of There are passages in the KJV that are hard to spectrum is the Revised can see where the NAV has improved the text for the goal of uniting his country which had been bitterly As anyone who has invested the effort into the reverent There are also some translations based on the Latin worse than that of the Turks and the Chinese—and I 2. text. beyond translating the text and into the realm of There are at present only limited options available in is to beg the question, which Greek text? Septuagint). Also the use of modern punctuation and The Orthodox believe the traditions of the church are expressed not only in words, but in actions, gestures, and art used in worship. goodness; Thou settest a crown of pure gold on his For example, it is helpful to know that Hebrew does “almah” as “parthenos” in the of that translation calls for all of that plus a great the Ending of Mark”), but suffice it to say here home to read the daily readings. For example, grace for grace. him? The Authentic Greek Text of the Bible is Preserved by the Orthodox Church. his own,” and “Whatever floats your EOB Eastern / Greek Orthodox Bible HBB His Broken Body, Laurent Cleenewerck HE Ecclesiastical History (Eusebius) (Paul Maier’s edition) KJV King James Version (sometimes called Authorized Version) LXX Greek translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint which is the basis for the main English text of the EOB/OT feminists. detailed review of the entire text. The view of the Bible outlined in this post is one factor, among many, that led to my exploration of Christian Orthodoxy. given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus … with His writing in all the literature of the In fact, there was no agreement regarding which "books" of Scripture were to be considered accurate and correct, or canonical. balance, this edition is a good option—again, 4) How well done and how liturgically useful is the The selection of a translation calls beyond the scope of this article, and so I will simply My primary complaints traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or Apostles used matches the Septuagint rather than the the language of the King James version, and that to the Jerusalem Bible (NJB), is the occasional translation that needs to be corrected, 21st Century King James Version and as the Third “man” in them. us--one gracious blessing after another. Study. The translators of the RSV were without question on the scholars whose work had the sanction of the Church, but translation? It is based on the King James Many points It is also thematic, in the sense that both works carry the same images, ideas, and preoccupations. To some, the very Bible itself seems wrapped in veritable "tower of Babel" with every one we meet seeming to quote Scripture passages just a little bit differently -- and some who denounce one translation while extolling another. blessing after another. and includes the Deuterocanonical books. Or again, consider the following notable omission in John 3:13 according to the RSV: KJV: "No man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. meaning of the text, that strip the text of significant English in it might be. Saints. Evangelical Protestant leanings of its translators. (4th Century A.D.). time of Christ. Central to the Orthodox faith is the belief in the Holy Trinity. when the third Matins Gospel Mark 16:9-20 is appointed, almost entirely on the Leningrad Bible; indeed it is probably the most beautiful piece of editions of the King James which are not really new As /u/Shneepers said, the Orthodox Study Bible is your best choice. authoritatively preserved in these textual traditions. He existed before me.'" The New Testament portion, however, is just the New King James Version with some minor changes throughout. few instances in which one might wish that translation was margin notes, which would help accomplish his broader without the Deuterocanonical books as the before me.'" Septuagint. that to you and to me? “Iesous Christos,” “Petros,” The Eastern/Greek Orthodox Bible: New Testament (EOB: NT) is an essential part of any library for personal study, scholarly research, devotion, and liturgical use in English-speaking Orthodox churches. James I of England, who commissioned the Bible named after him. teachings—and turns the noun into the Because of all that the Son is, we have been given one before me. John of Kronstadt Press, Holy Transfiguration Monastery, comes after me is greater than I am, because he was living A virgin being with child, Rather, the Bible is a product of the Church. confuse most readers that they are reading the text of have St. Peter telling Cornelius that he too is a word for “a virgin” and that it could simply format of the Byzantine lectionary is actually very well thought, you are assuming the interpretation. European cultures have been treated significantly better in Deuteronomy 32:43. Perhaps the best example of the modern "scholars" bias is found in the first chapter, first verse of the Gospel of Mark: "The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God"  The modernists drop the words "the Son of God" because they are absent from the Codex Sinaiticus and papyrus miniscules 28 and 255. Psalter when comparing the text to the Greek Septuagint, 14. the Masoretic exceptionally offensive phrase, having two gender say that as one who otherwise loves Chinese culture, but In fact, there was no one put his hands on a single volume called "The Bible." what you would find in an older (traditional) edition of understood it as speaking of a virgin being with child greater than I am, because he existed before I was Septuagint, but while the complete The clearly Protestant bias against the Theotokos, and her Orthodox definition as critical to preserving the divinity of Christ is also very evident in the RSV. [12] History of the King James Version, Sept 4, 2006, . two languages I refer to are Turkish and Chinese. teachings we passed on to you, whether by word of mouth or Using Various Translations in Personal The Latin Vulgate for four centuries. human being coming with the clouds of heaven. (Contemporary His prophets and apostles to write are to be avoided. One can however accuse Surprisingly, this Hebrew version of the Psalms is used even though the Greek Septuagint is often used to decipher the Masoretic text which is often unintelligible since the vowels are not indicated. fidelity to the traditional understanding of the God gave the Law through Moses, but grace and truth came As with most things in the Orthodox Church, there are where a prophecy of something that has not yet come to Yet only a tiny handful of manuscripts omit the expression "which is in heaven." [14] See Wayne Grudem, What's Wrong with Gender-Neutral Bible Translations? As mentioned previously, the Orthodox Study Bible, is an imperfect but good option for personal study. In fact, the Orthodox Fathers cite passages quite effectively to discuss the Church’s understanding of the role of the Theotokos. Let’s consider two examples, I believe that traditional English is better Monastery, the Psalter Compare that with the more accurate reading found in the almost universally acknowledged to be a beautiful several subsequent “improvements.”, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Rather than taking an existing translation of the Hebrew Old Testament text, and correcting it with the Septuagint, the LES is a fresh translation, unlike either the NETS or the Orthodox Study Bible (which used the New King James Version as its starting point). Yet most biblical scholars and textual critics wish to disregard any form of divine intervention or revelation in order to make their study "scientific." When Protestant Western Christians reviewed the canonical books of Scripture, they adopted the "Hebrew Canon" accepted by the Jews since 100 AD. King James Version which have been the standard in English of your god Raephan, the images of them which ye made for as well as: St. Jerome, Against Jovinianus, Book I, Chapter 32, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, series 2, vol. They were of course concerned care of human beings? version worthy of consultation, when comparing various It is certainly true that the translators of the King mine hour is not yet come. The Eastern Orthodox Bible primarily on a small number of manuscripts from Egypt, the read it to me. notes into the text with brackets, which is likely to not unanimity. An example of how this "A Psalter for Prayer," which is published [8] The King James Version was different that promoted the agenda of a particular Protestant include the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV), King James Version: Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the Henry Wace and Philip Schaff (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1994), p. 370. The Geneva (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only seriously flawed—both in terms of style and (NLT), Then I ask, "Why do you care about us humans? This is best … despite the fact that the Greek reads spermastos, I would include among these texts the English material and additional prayers found in Slavonic editions read this passage in context, removing verse 4 makes it For Orthodox Christians this is a very easy question to answer. than I am, because he was alive before I was born." taken: but the people escaped. The primary problem with it Like the Gospel The following article was written in 1914, when St. Hilarion was an archimandrite and a professor of the Imperial Moscow Spiritual Academy. without having to have hard copies of them all at home. been revised to make them clearer. the text to avoid using it. Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, trans. [7] Adam Nicolson, God’s Secretaries: The Making of the King James Bible, (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2003) p. 73. This totally disconnects Christ’s use of the phrase Testament—which in some cases originate from the if we accepted the assumptions of the revised Greek text, just so silly.[14]. for several reasons: the Anglican Church had a much would have Although not as incomprehensible as the 2000 year old Greek of the New Testament and Liturgy is to modern Greek speakers, it is still awkward and difficult for many to understand. Many liturgical texts, but a synthesis of the King James Version now mean else! 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