3. This hardwood lumber are carefully selected to bring consistency never seen before in rustic grade lumber. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the “Finish”, Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. We have the largest selection of rare hardwoods from around the world. In general, hardwoods have more wood cells and less air per square inch than softwoods. When deciding to go with hardwood there are construction considerations on your selection (Solid or Engineered) but there is also a decision for you to make between a Traditional or Exotic Hardwood Species. Click on each species to learn more. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! And while this example lists just some of the most popular hardwood species, there are hundreds of varieties, representing the North American hardwood population. Maximize your home’s value. Some softwoods, however, can be very hard; pine, for example. In addition to the basics – where they grow, general description, and abundance – each Hardwood profile includes working and physical properties, availability, strength and mechanical properties, and main uses. Pre-finished hardwood flooring is also generally more durable than site-finished hardwood flooring. I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. Certain species of hardwood flooring lasts much longer without visible wear and tear than others. Let us break down the most common hardwood floor species today and hopefully make that decision just a little easier! S3S: Surface two sides and Straightline rip one edge, add $0.60/bd.ft. Red alder grows like a weed, doing … Black cherry (Prunus serotina) Black cherry, sometimes called "wild cherry," is also a very common … Each wood species is listed in alphabetical order in each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species. SLOWLY BUT SURELY. Africa also happens to be home to some of the hardest types of wood in the world. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? Local 336-449-9627 or Toll Free 1-888-445-7335 All prices given are for rough lumber. Hardwood from deciduous species, such as oak, normally shows annual growth rings, but these may be absent in some tropical hardwoods. Janka Rating System Here you'll find charts that break down the wood types by density, hardness, stiffness and strength. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? WoodSolutions provides details about the timber species and materials available for building in Australia. While some tropical hardwoods can be used for interior applications, including flooring, the color, grain pattern, hardness and luster of many imported woods differ from those of American hardwoods. Red alder is the largest native alder species in North America with a range confined to … This option is more plentiful than a lot of other species, making it an excellent choice for new installations and restorations. One of the most common species for creating hardwood floors is oak. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? How to Bring Warmth and Texture to Your Kitchen, Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Natural Selection: Live-Edge Wood in Home Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Eco-friendly, Health-enhancing Home Design, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy’ American hardwood products, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. I’m working my way alphabetically by botanical name, so check out the latest added wood to see where I’m at in the queue! Please note: Only use this list as a guide for common/botanical names, etc. S2S: Surfaced two sides, add $0.40/bd.ft. Cucumbertree Elm, American Hackberry Hickory, Shagbark Unique burls, knots and color variances bring life to each board. American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Not all species are listed or available. Hardwoods are deciduous trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut … There are many different kinds of tropical hardwoods to choose from. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance. North America’s forests grow hundreds of varieties that thrive in temperate climates, including oak, ash, cherry, maple and poplar species. All lumber is graded to National Hardwood Association Standards Hardwood species From the big leaf maple and white birch to the red alder and trembling aspen, BC’s hardwood species are used to make such beautiful wood products as flooring, cabinetry and furniture, as well as musical instruments, interior millwork and more. For example, the hardness of woods varies widely, so certain hardwood species are not recommended for flooring because they are not hard enough to withstand heavy wear and tear. Each species can be crafted into durable, long-lasting furniture, cabinetry, flooring and millwork, and each offers unique markings with variation in grain pattern, texture and color. We have over 250 species of woods and more than 9,000 hand-curated selections offering hobbiests, craftworkers and designers countless options to match any project or style. S4S: Surface four sides, call for pricing. Hardwood floors have been prized for centuries for their beauty and wearability. Conversely, some hardwoods, such as balsa, are quite soft. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! Properties: Tough, hard, strong, close-grained, takes good polish, wears evenly, sapwood is creamy white with slight reddish-brown tinge, heartwood varies from light … Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish". Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. Hardwood Species. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. This cousin of birch and aspen generally prefers wet climates and usually grows in groves along stream banks or on moist hillsides. Click below to view a particular species profile or download the guide. Beech is a perishable timber so is best used for internal use only. Additionally, each species is shown in clear, light, medium and dark finishes to help visualize stain combinations of flooring, cabinetry, moulding and furniture co-existing in a single design space. Alder, Red (Alnus rubra) From Alaska to California, red alder is the most common commercial hardwood. This type of wood is easy to stain, allowing for more color options and variations. Maximize your home’s value. Clean Pruners First, always clean your pruners or knife with rubbing alcohol, or, 1-part bleach and 9-parts water to prevent the spread of disease. Tropical Hardwoods, including mahogany, rosewood, teak and wenge - are not native to North America. It is a favored wood for use in contrast with lighter-colored species. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. Hardwoods have a more complex structure than softwoods and are often much slower growing as a result. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. On this page you can search hardwoods by botanical name, common name or application. The Hardwood Forestry Fund provides grants for planting high quality hardwoods on suitable sites in the US and internationally. Each species of hardwood … In fact, about 40 percent of American trees are in the hardwood category. Natural/Rustic Hardwood is graded specifically for character features. Australian Hardwood Species Guide Version June 2018 ver2 Botanical name Eucalyptus obliqua Eucalyptus regnans Eucalyptus delegatensis Eucalyptus dalrympleana Eucalyptus grandis Eucalyptus acmenoides Eucalyptus maculata Eucalyptus pilularis Eucalyptus paniculate/ drepanophylla/ decepta/ sideroxylon mugga Corymbia trachyphloia/ Terminalis/ It also used as a veneer on plywoods and MDF sheets. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. ALDERASHASPENBASSWOODBIRCHCHERRYCOTTONWOOD, Fantastic examples incorporating wood tones to create stylish designs | Houzz, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association, How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. Hardwoods are hard because their structure tends to be denser than softwoods. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. Hardwoods. Widely available U.S. softwood trees include cedar, fir, hemlock, pine, redwood and spruce. Each species has its own unique set of characteristics (color, grain pattern, etc.). Because hardness is an important factor, and hardness varies for each species, the Janka Scale of Hardness is an excellent tool to help identify appropriate choices. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Please refer to our Pricelist for a more up-to-date list of what we currently have in stock. The following offers a brief comparison of American hardwoods, softwoods and often misused tropical hardwoods and their appropriate applications: Hardwoods are deciduous trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut and generally go dormant in the winter. Traditionally, they represent wealth, taste and style, with each grain pattern and texture bringing a unique masterpiece of natural splendor to the indoors. America’s forests contain hundreds of different hardwood tree species. Oak Red & White. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. Call for questions on inventory. They grow in the tropical forests of the world and must be imported for domestic use. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. What is the difference between red oak and white oak? We've collected and produced some detailed information about tropical hardwood species below. Softwoods or conifers, from the Latin word meaning “cone-bearing,” have needles rather than leaves. Species List. White Oak (Quercus spp) The sapwood is light-colored and the heartwood is light-to-dark brown. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Here at Durable Wood Products, we've been dealing with tropical hardwoods for many years. Natural & Rustic Hardwood Species. Alder, Red. Extra Flooring. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. A few well-known hardwood species are oak, maple, and cherry, but many more trees share hardwood tree characteristics. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. These are harder species. In a home, softwoods primarily are used as structural lumber such as 2x4s and 2x6s, with limited decorative applications. The African continent is an immense area, densely wooded in many regions, with wide variations in climate. Alder is a relatively soft hardwood of medium density that has low bending strength, shock resistance, and stiffness. Make sure to order around 10% more flooring than your measurements dictate for your project. This list includes suggested hardwood species that are known for their commercial value. This diversity of habitat results in an extremely diverse population of tree species. Fantastic examples incorporating wood tones to create stylish designs | Houzz, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association. Density of Various Wood Species - Density of various wood species - apple, ash, cedar, elm and more Drill Bit Speed - Hardwood and Softwood - Hardwood and softwood drill speed chart Fire Wood - the Cord - The cord is the most common unit for purchasing fuel wood The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. The dominant feature separating "hardwoods" from softwoods is the presence of pores, or vessels. For more information on non-native species, refer to the “Don’t be fooled” article. There are many species available for wood flooring. Take hardwood cuttings from deciduous shrubs and vines (see the suggested plant list) in the fall, after ‘leaf drop’, and before the ground is frozen. All lumber offers a high yield of tight, sound rustic characters. Alder, Red Ash, Black Ash, White Aspen, Quaking Basswood, American Beech, American Birch, Yellow/White Buckeye, Yellow Butternut Cherry, Black Chestnut, American Chinkapin, Giant. Hardwood Species. Each type and species of wood has an individual cellular structure that creates unique physical properties that determine suitability for different uses. NWFA Hardwood Floors Species Gallery. (Acer Saccharum, Acer Nigrum) Source: Eastern United States, principally Michigan, Wisconsin, New York and Appalachian Region. Other types of hardwood trees in American forests include: Birch; Wood Name: Specie Name: Beech Beech is a UK and Central European species of Hardwood. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. species gallery. It can be used for flooring, furniture making, workbenches, desks, tables, worktops, and high class joinery. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Stylish projects to personalize your home, Six Imaginative Ways to Use Hardwood in Your Home, Six Ways to Refresh Your Home with Hardwood, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home, American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, 5 Ways real wood floors add appeal and value, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. , hemlock, pine, redwood and spruce feature separating `` hardwoods '' from softwoods is largest. Species are oak, normally shows annual growth rings, but these may be absent some. 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