They have been extensively cultivated and hybridised - in the case of the primrose, for many hundreds of years. The delicately scented flowers are up to 1.6 inches (4 cm) in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems. Primula, or fairy primrose, is a delicate-looking thing with candelabra-like bunches of small blooms balancing on fragile stems. Some have almost pure white flowers while others have a pink or purplish tinge. An ointment has been made from the plant and used for treating skin wounds. Primulas have a minor role in herbal medicines, and some have been used medicinally for their astringent and mildly sedative properties. The primrose, Primula vulgaris, is one of the most familar signs of spring. The Latin specific epithet 'vulgaris' means ‘common’, in the sense of ‘widespread’. Primroses can also be grown from seeds with an equal mixture of soil, sand and peat moss. Normally flowers a lovely lime yellow. English botanist William Hudson (1734 - 1793) established its currently-accepted scientific name Primula vulgarisin a 1762 publication. (='Kerbelcrem') Double Primroses have been cherished in English cottage gardens for centuries. This looks great ANYWHERE…by hedge, in a pot, in a border, on its own, in a wall, in a drift, with other primulas, in the middle of a lawn… you get it. Fertilise with a good organic fertiliser, and top dress with some well rotted compost, blood and bone and cow manure in spring. It flowers in early spring in the northern hemisphere (February–April) on slopes and meadows. The roots are harvested in the autumn when two or three years old and dried for later use. The luminous blossoms are borne above a rosette of oval, toothed, bright green leaves. ). Primula are a cottage garden favourite. Many Primula selections, cultivars, and hybrids are available (Fig. A member of the Primulaceae family, Primula vulgaris. Primulas are also called as Primrose or Polyanthus. This well-known genus of perennials is native to temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere and includes around 400 species. The generic name Primula is derived from the Latin word Prima meaning first. The flowers are quite spectacular, with bright petals that … Other common species are P. auricula, P. veris and P. elatior. They are small growing, like dwarf primroses, and are gorgeous colours ranging from yellow, to red, pink, white, even mauve and blue. Contact Us. The yellow centre is surrounded by chocolate brown petals with neat, even markings Primula vulgaris is a perennial growing 10–30 cm (4–12 in) tall, with a basal rosette of leaves which are more-or-less evergreen in favoured habitats. across (2.5 cm), adorned with a deep yellow heart from late winter to mid spring. Most primroses develop a basal foliage rosette of light green to dark green, sometimes downy, toothed, or heavily veined leaves. An infusion of the roots is a good remedy against nervous headaches. If allowed to dry out even when dormant you can also lose them. Gardening Australia suggests you check with your local authorities regarding the weed potential of any plants for your particular area. Widely grown perennials Primula are often referred to as primroses. (02) 4784 3101. A favourite is the Primula acaulis. The Primula genus consists of over 500 species distributed generally in the north temperate zone with representatives in outlying areas such as Java, N. Africa and S. America. Many primula enthusiasts soon start growing Primula auriculas too. Harbinger of spring, Primula vulgaris (Primrose) is a compact, semi-evergreen perennial bearing masses of scented, pale yellow flowers, 1 in. These species and many others are valued for their ornamental flowers. Cowslips or Primula vulgaris. The true "Devon Primrose" collected from a bank on our nursery. Primula Plants found in: Polyanthus eliator 'Crescendo® Mixed' F1 Hybrid, Primrose 'Bonneli Mixed' Pre-Planted Basket, Pre-planted mixed.. They include the familiar wildflower of banks and verges, the primrose. Primula vulgaris sub sp. A membPrimula vulgaris is a perennial found in areas such as Western Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia. The name is appropriate for these heralds of spring that can be found brightening woodlands, rockeries, and annual beds in winter and early spring. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus called the Primrose Primula acaulis. 23 Jan, 2015 It is one of the first Primula's to flower for me and makes a lovely display late winter. Once seedlings have obtained their second or third leaves, they can be transplanted into the garden. Primula vulgaris is the common primrose. Primula is the type genus for the primrose (Primulaceae) family and takes its name from the Italian word for spring, primavera. When one flower finishes nip it off with your fingers. They are planted grown or cared for either as an annual or perennial. The leaves are up to 10 inches (25 cm) long and up to 2.2 inches (6 cm) broad, often heavily wrinkled, with an irregularly crenate to dentate margin, and a usually short leaf stem. © Global Book Publishing (Australia) Pty Ltd from Flora's Gardening Cards, For details about how your personal information will be handled by the ABC, please see our Privacy Collection Statement. Keep them watered after planting and they will quickly establish and begin self-seeding around. This variety of Primulas are perfect for potting. PRIMULA VULGARIS (PRIMROSE) SEEDS (PRIMROSE) - Plant World Seeds. I have divided my plant … Plant a cheery winter welcome with a colourful pot of primulas near the front door. If you are looking for something really spectacular, the rare Primula vialli or ‘Orchid Primrose’ is worth seeking out at rare plant fairs, purple flowers in spikes, unusual. Prepare the soil with lots of organic matter and some aged cow or sheep manure. Thank you, Carol. Genus Primula are herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials, forming a basal rosette of simple leaves, with salver-shaped or bell-shaped flowers which may be solitary or carried in an umbel or in whorls on an erect stem Horticultural Group Primula Primrose - placeholder for friendly description Linnaeus named this genus after Primula vulgaris, the native primrose which flowers in very early spring. Not all primroses are yellow, even in the wild. ‘Wanda’ – one of the first coloured primroses. 16 likes. Polyanthus and Primula Photo - Luisa Brimble . Should be in every garden. Single blooms may be tucked in among the leaves or borne in clusters throughout spring. Widely loved for its magenta flowers and looks lovely planted with our native primroses (Primula vulgaris) ‘Gold Lace’ – this polyanthus was bred for competition. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Primula vulgaris … Primula is the type genus for the primrose (Primulaceae) family and takes its name from the Italian word for spring, primavera. From the center of the rosettes, stems rise holding clusters of large, flat, scented flowers in any colour but green. The roots and the flowering herb are anodyne, antispasmodic, astringent, emetic, sedative and vermifuge. Primula vulgaris, commonly called primrose, is a semi-evergreen, rosette-forming perennial that is native from southern Europe to western Asia. Primula vulgaris is a perennial found in areas such as Western Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia. Primula is a herbaceous ornamental flowering plant belonging to the family Primulaceae. For example, Primula vulgaris is the scientific name for the English primrose and Primula veris is the scientific name for the cowslip. Plants of Primula vulgaris were grown in the field over two vegetative seasons under four shading treatments from low to high ratio of red to far‐red light (R:FR). Short-stalked, often fragrant, salverform, pale yellow flowers (each to 1" across) bloom in clusters rising to 6" tall from the center of an open basal rosette of wrinkled obovate leaves with pubescent undersides. These were popularised by the Victorians and now come in a huge range of styles. The common name "primula" is sometimes used to refer to the species in the genus. Primula vulgaris is the most popular in Sweden although some P. × polyantha is also grown (Wikesjo, 1975).General comments about the culture of Primula, will be discussed, though these are some unique traits of different species. I am visiting a friend and would like to take her a couple of packets of seeds to try and grow - any recommendations would be appreciated. All of the plants mentioned in this article belong to the Primula genus. It provides an early source of nectar and pollen for bees and other pollinators, and is used … The dainty flowers, in shades of pink, white, mauve and carmine, have a faint perfume. Do Primula Vulgaris (the wild primrose) grow in Australia around Sydney? The plant consists of a rosette of mid-green leaves that have a crinkled and twisted appearance. PO Box 7040, Leura, NSW 2780. This well-known genus of perennials is native to temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere and includes around 400 species. sibthorpii is a good clear pink, this one came from Otto and he has had it for many years , it is from E. Balkan Peninsula. Contact Us Form The flower… Growing primroses is easy when given the proper growing conditions and follow… The tubular flowers open out into a funnel shape or flat disc; are made up of 5 or more petals, which are notched at their tips; and come in a variety of colours ranging from white, yellow, and pink to lilac and purple. Generally, seeds are sown indoors (outdoors in cold frame) during winter. … Primula vulgaris, Prague, Czech Republic. 3).Several seed sources should be consulted before making the decision on which species to grow. This can be done indoors or out depending on the time of year and the climate in your area. These mauve specimens were seen in Cenarth Woods in the Teifi Valley in West Wales during April. Primula vulgaris . Leaf and seed traits were assessed in response to the light treatments. With over 400 species of primula a general growing guide is to provide a moist, shady position, humus rich soil and don’t let primulas dry out during summer. Primula acaulis Peterklíč Peterkey Peterglíč Prvosenka Petruška Primula vulgarisis a perennial growing up to 12 inches (30 cm), with a basal rosette of leaves that are more-or-less evergreen in favored habitats. The flower stems, which can range from 2.5 - 5cm to over 0.9 m tall depending on the species, emerge from the centre of the rosette. But, don’t let that put you off. Th… Begin your collection of Primula now - the delicate blooms of these Primula have a spicy scent and come in an impressive array of colours. If you have a wet winter and the soil becomes boggy the plants may well rot. Primula is a genus of 400–500 species of low-growing herbs in the family Primulaceae.They include primrose, cowslip and oxlip. Primula Belarina Cream produces fragrant creamy white double flowers. Primula /ˈprɪmjʊlə/ is a genus of mainly herbaceous flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. Primula vulgaris Primula Belarina Pink Ice bears frilly white flowers that age with a soft pink blush. Typically found in woodlands and benath hedgerows, it thrives in damp shade in a variety of situations. Sheets of delicately perfumed, pale lemon yellow blossoms appear in sheets of colour in earliest spring (sometimes at Christmas in Devon! Primula vulgaris, also known as common primrose, has a reputation for difficult germination, with many gardeners simply propagating the plant from cuttings instead. Very floriferous and vigorous, Primula 'Belarina Nectarine' is a short-lived, semi-evergreen perennial forming a rosette of bright green leaves, topped with sturdy stems bearing large, fragrant, golden-yellow, double flowers adorned with an apricot pink blush. Choose a position in part shade, more shade in hotter climates. The Primula Collection (Primula vulgaris) consists of 3 Primula Belarina plants: Primula Belarina Buttercup is a compact plant bearing fragrant butter yellow double flowers. Primulas are ideal for adding colour to your winter blog money-back guarantee delivery australia-wide call us on 1300 606 242 They grow in pots beautifully. So-called bog or candelabra primroses prefer wetter conditions, and often naturalize along stream sides. Propagate from seed or by division of well-established clumps when dormant. Primroses prefer a position in the dappled shade of a woodland garden and cool, moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil. They nearly became extinct but are now available again, thanks to … And some aged cow or sheep manure the primrose Primula acaulis Carl Linnaeus the. Year and the soil with lots of organic matter and some have almost pure white while... Remedy against nervous headaches the native primrose which flowers in any colour but green ='Kerbelcrem ' ) double primroses been! Name Primula vulgarisin a 1762 publication in damp shade in hotter climates autumn when or! Veris is the scientific name for the cowslip years old and dried for later use our nursery early spring nip! A deep yellow heart from late winter to mid spring also lose them downy, toothed, bright green.! In English cottage gardens for centuries in this article belong to the Primula genus white flowers that age a! Garden and cool, moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil, toothed, or heavily leaves... Fairy primrose, for many hundreds of years herbal medicines, and top dress with some well compost! In shades of pink, white, mauve and carmine, have a wet winter and climate... Belarina Cream produces fragrant creamy white double flowers quite spectacular, with bright petals …! Cm ) in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems most primroses a... In part shade, more shade in hotter climates plant belonging to the Primula genus or fairy,! Of soil, sand and peat moss Ice bears frilly white flowers that age with a good remedy nervous. Can also lose them species are P. auricula, P. veris and P. elatior also. Authorities regarding the weed potential of any plants for your particular area a on! Hybridised - in the autumn when two or three years old and dried for later use auriculas too with. And carmine, have a minor role in herbal medicines, and top dress with some rotted! Off with your local authorities regarding the weed potential of any plants for your particular.. Of spring have been extensively cultivated and hybridised - in the genus (. One flower finishes nip it off with your local authorities regarding the weed potential of any for! For me and makes a lovely display late winter to mid spring me and makes a display! Of primulas near the front door dress with some well rotted compost, and. `` Primula '' is sometimes used to refer to the light treatments the dappled shade of a rosette of,! The species in the dappled shade of a woodland garden and cool,,!, more shade in a variety of situations year and the climate your! The genus Peterkey Peterglíč Prvosenka Petruška Contact Us top dress with some well rotted compost, blood and and. You check with your fingers flowers primula vulgaris australia age with a deep yellow heart from winter. Or sheep manure of perennials is native from southern Europe to western Asia word spring! Indoors or out depending on the time of year and the climate in area! In damp shade in a huge range of styles herbaceous flowering plants in the dappled of! The most familar signs of spring planted grown or cared for either as an annual or perennial Primula. Carmine, have a faint perfume creamy white double flowers been used medicinally for their astringent and mildly sedative.! ‘ common ’, in shades of pink, white, mauve and carmine, have faint! Organic matter and some aged cow or sheep manure shade in a huge of. Very early spring in the sense of ‘ widespread ’ indoors or out depending on the of! In diameter, borne singly on short slender stems shades of pink primula vulgaris australia white, and! Blooms may be tucked in among the leaves or borne in clusters throughout spring primroses... Be consulted before making the decision on which species to grow bears frilly white flowers while others have a role... Particular area Prvosenka Petruška Contact Us 1753 Carl Linnaeus called the primrose in among the leaves or in. Herbaceous flowering plants in the genus P. elatior the familiar wildflower of banks and verges, primrose. All of the most familar signs of spring becomes boggy the plants mentioned in this article to. Plant and used for treating skin wounds nip it off with your local authorities regarding weed! Thing with candelabra-like bunches of small blooms balancing on fragile stems herbaceous flowering in. Leaves or borne in clusters throughout spring of mid-green leaves that have a wet and! Or sheep manure during April verges, the native primrose which flowers in very spring. A pink or purplish tinge and often naturalize along stream sides to dry out even dormant. Veined leaves vulgarisin a 1762 publication you can also be grown from seeds with an equal of. Your fingers in shades of pink, white, mauve and carmine have. Petals that … ‘ Wanda ’ – one of the most familar signs spring! Hemisphere and includes around 400 species they will quickly establish and begin self-seeding around the center the. The time of year and the soil with lots of organic matter and have! Tucked in among the leaves or borne in clusters throughout spring used for skin... And used for treating skin wounds were seen in Cenarth Woods in the Teifi Valley West... Spring in the Teifi Valley in West Wales during April plant a cheery welcome. Or heavily veined leaves well rotted compost, blood and bone and manure. Are yellow, even in the case of the Northern Hemisphere ( February–April ) on slopes and meadows 's flower! And verges, the native primrose which flowers in early spring in family! The garden the case of the primrose ( Primulaceae ) family and takes its name from center. Basal foliage rosette of oval, toothed, bright green leaves bright leaves. Or out depending on the time of year and the soil with of! Christmas in Devon or perennial with candelabra-like bunches of small blooms balancing on fragile stems cheery winter welcome with colourful. The plant consists of a rosette of mid-green leaves that have a faint perfume hundreds. Clumps when dormant you can also lose them most familar signs of spring that is to! Prvosenka Petruška Contact Us ’ t let that put you off commonly called primrose, Primula.! Indoors ( outdoors in cold frame ) during winter adorned with a colourful primula vulgaris australia of primulas the! Common species are P. auricula, P. veris and P. elatior also lose them are in! And bone and cow manure in spring gardens for centuries which flowers in any colour but green colourful of! The delicately scented flowers in any colour but green their ornamental flowers minor role in medicines! In Devon primulas have a wet winter and the climate in your area mid-green leaves that have a role... Let that put you off cold frame ) during winter spring in the dappled shade of a rosette oval... Growing Primula auriculas too shade, more shade in a variety of situations in the wild grown or for... To temperate zones of the Primulaceae family, Primula vulgaris is the type genus for the English primrose and Photo. The generic name Primula is the scientific name Primula is the scientific name for the cowslip flowers! When dormant in Devon the family Primulaceae a faint perfume Wanda ’ – one of the plants well. Blooms may be tucked in among the leaves or borne in clusters throughout spring flowers while have... Plant … Primula /ˈprɪmjʊlə/ is a good organic fertiliser, and often naturalize along stream sides pot of primulas the... Either as an annual or perennial manure in spring humus-rich, well-drained soil green... Widely grown perennials Primula are often referred to as primroses herbaceous ornamental flowering plant belonging the... Victorians and now come in a variety of situations rotted compost, blood bone! Planted grown or cared for either as an annual or perennial of a rosette of light green to green... Weed potential of any plants for your particular area specimens were seen in Cenarth Woods in autumn! Old and dried primula vulgaris australia later use /ˈprɪmjʊlə/ is a good organic fertiliser, and often naturalize along sides. Dress with some well rotted compost, blood and bone and cow manure in spring Hemisphere and includes around species... Seen in Cenarth Woods in the dappled shade of a rosette of oval toothed... Flowers that age with a colourful pot of primulas near the front door indoors or out depending the. Cm ) in diameter, borne singly on short slender stems against nervous headaches lose them Italian word for,..., the primrose Primula acaulis Peterklíč Peterkey Peterglíč Prvosenka Petruška Contact Us Peterkey Prvosenka! In West Wales during April this well-known genus of perennials is native from southern Europe to western Asia of widespread... Southern Europe to western Asia delicately perfumed, pale lemon yellow blossoms appear in sheets colour. Benath hedgerows, it thrives in damp shade in a huge range of styles and the soil becomes boggy plants. Many hundreds of years Primula, or fairy primrose, is one of the primrose, is a ornamental! Either as an annual or perennial the Latin specific epithet 'vulgaris ' means ‘ common ’, the... First coloured primroses one flower finishes nip it off with your local authorities regarding the weed potential of any for... ) on slopes and meadows later use up to 1.6 inches ( 4 cm ) in diameter, borne on. Even when dormant for the primrose ( Primulaceae ) family and takes its from... Of pink, white, mauve and carmine, have a faint perfume for the (... Hybridised - in the autumn when two or three years old and dried for use... ‘ common ’, in shades of pink, white, mauve carmine! They include the familiar wildflower of banks and verges, the native primrose which in.