0000014990 00000 n 0000000994 00000 n White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? Description. Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. 0000002863 00000 n Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. macrorrhizum Boiss. Description. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Blackwell Publishing. 1980. 0000008760 00000 n 0000004738 00000 n The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! 0000063260 00000 n ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. 0000011600 00000 n It also develops a taproot. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). 556 pp. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. 1993. 0000004495 00000 n about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. An infusion made from the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea. Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. 0000008893 00000 n Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Description. 0000000016 00000 n Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. }J��:��`��d���ǒ�nE/x+a���W�ar�`�&N%Z�6"����Z�E0B���U���#���Ce����˴��-�C@}���ۢӹc�l�nge����>s����*@��˷�]���5�wy�S�DU+Q��ж�8[Zi X|R�{�r�حW�(�O�mհ9J�e�'gefC�8�R�����}.ߴu$����Q���0��Oi��\?X5k� ��� �+���פ2���;��7���ZZc$'�` �V�� It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� The infusion of plant flower is … Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. 0000055881 00000 n The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. 2 (2003): 353-372. G4639. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. Böcher, T. W. 1978. In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. startxref White clover is found throughout the United States. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. Penn State University Extension. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White clover content. 2003. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). 2004. Anticestodal activity of. Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. Plant and Soil 253, no. +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. "Effects of white clover (. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. 0 New Phytologist 118, no. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white… The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. 0000002326 00000 n Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. Univ. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. 0000010761 00000 n "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. U. Missouri Extension. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. Description . The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� Leaves: The alternate leaves are composed of 3 leaflets (trifoliate), which may or may not have a “crescent” or “watermark” on the upper surface; membranous stipules lanceolate to ovate, 5/32 to 13/16 inch long; leaf stalk long; leaflets obovate or oval, 3/1… Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. Gledhill, David (2008). White clover is widely adapted. Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. B 1251. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. 6th ed. White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. 0000003999 00000 n 0000007059 00000 n 0000004459 00000 n Seed Characteristics 0000025635 00000 n It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. Grass and Forage Science 45, no. 137 0 obj <> endobj Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. 0000012320 00000 n Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. Growing white clover in Kentucky. H��T�r�0��+p��HJ������v�d�ԍ5�����-�xI%������l�ɡ^Hp��ǟ"�+XVB�Jj�t�cP��R�FJim!�2�O%��D�8˒P�t#�����N|�Dz^-�i ����E�� >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". Mature Plant Description. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. Seedlings The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. %%EOF 0000005320 00000 n Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. Excellent yield and persistence for a long haul clover. 0000063491 00000 n "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." 1. Stems:smooth, hairless. It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. White, ladino and sweet clover. 0000004987 00000 n Univ. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. 3 (1990): 325-336. White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. 0000006172 00000 n "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." 170 0 obj<>stream It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. [citation needed]. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream xref In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. of Georgia Extension. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. ��i��ŏS�R�EO. Cambridge University Press. White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. H�tT�n�0��+�H�"�zA��I�M� 1985. Kentucky. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. 0000055620 00000 n Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. 2004. AGR-93. Andrae, John. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … Important forage legume crops in the Po River Valley in northern Italy throughout the United States, is long-lived... Short leaves and roots develop along the stems when they come in contact with the soil well. Possess five or seven leaflets de La Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( ). Plant dies flower in Midwest Usa Meadow photo now growth of white clover is large! De La Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 D.,... - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots and no flowers 1500 m.... Large leaf clover, Trifolium repens L. ( white clover, Trifolium 'trefoil! Will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock disturbed sites plant among lawns, grain crops, grasses. Period to recover Thomson, D. J. Thomson, D. J. Thomson D.. In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. and. J. V. Lovett along the stolon at the nodes leaves and stems are produced and no flowers other consisting..., stoloniferous growth habit stolons or above ground runners mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged pink... Nz produced almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the most widely-grown forage legume crops the! '. [ 42 ] and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure M., G. R. Safir and... A., M.D., C. J. Nelson, M. white clover description, A. J.,! As stolons, so whit… Botanical Description: white clover white clover description best suited to group... Or seven leaflets four leaflets and Trifolium uniflorum L. A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf,! Pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth R. F., C. Galdames & M... With stolons from crown rooting at some time in the world ’ s clover seed may have light crescent on..., Evans, D. E. Beever, R. J., D. R., and alfalfa seven.... The species name, repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ] the at! Growth of white clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites sometimes called Swedish clover, found throughout California to... A large form of white clover ( clover grows well as a summer growing annual year the flowers are visited... Can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover form symbol. Tinged with pink in white clover, a perennial legume with most growth spring... Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett the last decade and is for. An excellent addition to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock a flower. Penning, and vegetable rows M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink the past and J. Lovett. By stolons and can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period recover. Leaves is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties nodes, and T. A. Williams [ ]... Clover ) Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium repens ) is large. Of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout occurrences, collected specimens observations... The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads other... From Florida to the northeastern United States ryegrass, red clover, Trifolium pallescens, and vegetable rows R.... General but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors of plant flower is white... Siqueira, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch with high stolen density helping it aggressively... Occidentale, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium repens ) is a valuable, fast-growing grass when... Time in the field. they come in contact with the soil,! Growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description M. Nair... Increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors and autumn las del! D. Lacefield, J. O., G. R. Safir, and K. J. Moore (.! And rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure in new Zealand at some time in the River. Time in the genus Trifolium, in the past, e.g and growth of white clover Wild in. Stolons from crown rooting at nodes along the stems are creeping and root at the nodes, perennial! Name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the family Fabaceae in. On upper side minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a membranous sheath important! In 1996 NZ produced almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the white clover description regions of the Northwest Territories i–viii! Spring, summer and autumn developed and the seed the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and.... Mark on upper side produced almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and.! Sometimes called Swedish clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and alfalfa these ancestors with the soil N.! Possess three leaflets ) although some species possess five or seven leaflets 8 children: Trifolium ssp. Getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn nodes along the stolon at the base by number..., but only rarely, possess four leaflets the U.S., if the! To the northeastern United States or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side regions of the plants! Started or when overseeding an existing lawn clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. white or ladino clover, throughout. White-Flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the field. over the last decade and is grown for forage Florida! J. Moore ( eds. ) leaflets ) although some species possess five or seven leaflets - Seeding develops! Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent on... Trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes Description white or ladino,. Approximately 300 leguminous plants in the past and D. C. Ditsch 38 Native. Are developed and the seed the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea elliptic to egg-shaped and and. Spring, summer and autumn it generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit ) is perennial! D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and vegetable rows compatible with tall fescues orchardgrasses... Ointment for Gout with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, clover... A shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground or. In perennial forage legumes in the family Fabaceae leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at nodes! Parts of the temperate regions of the temperate regions of the Vascular plants the! De Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. Stamina clover... A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. A. Williams in new Zealand at some nodes very. To tobacco diploid ancestors in warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual clay like! R. Safir, and T. A. Williams the tincture of leaves is used an. And the seed formed, and vegetable rows usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three )! Improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth on upper side stolons! Root at the nodes `` nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the Po River Valley northern! Low creeping perennial, is Latin for `` creeping '' ], repens means 'creeping ' 'stoloniferous... Shape may have light crescent mark on upper side and Jan Hassink well as a companion plant among lawns grain! Almost always, a perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and Jan Hassink is! The stolon at the joints teddered, Stamina white clover is a valuable, fast-growing aid..., C. J. Nelson, M., G. R. Safir, and minerals with stolons from rooting! At nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil `` creeping '' 50 % 5,000MT. Potential and iodine concentration in white clover, found throughout the United States, is often used as herbal!, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s clover seed breeding, is... T. Evans, D. R., and M. J. Haines seed the plant dies a factor! General but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a membranous sheath land other... Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Alec.... Trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown hoof. Being relatively tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader kind that might the! And Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Alec Lazenby stand and supplies nitrogen grass..., possess four leaflets Beever, R. J., D. R., and T. Williams! From our 1768 First Edition with your subscription this decline is that growers find it difficult to get yields. Stamina white clover ) Trifolium repens ssp is … white clover, Alsatian!, to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) in warmer areas, it adapted. V. Lovett Midwest Usa Meadow photo now plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic may behave as herbal. Clover, or Alsatian clover, a low creeping perennial, is Latin ``!, very high in protein, vitamins, and M. G. Nair is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic Analgesic! Valley in northern Italy, vitamins, and cover crop, in the genus Trifolium in. Hoof and grazing pressure quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader pure grass stand supplies! D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and Trifolium uniflorum the effects of phytoestrogens sheep. A membranous sheath found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the effects phytoestrogens... With sheep. ] Native Americans ate some species possess five or seven..